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To refine the functional guidelines for operability for lung resection, we prospectively studied 55 consecutive patients with suspected lung malignancy thought to be surgically resectable. Lung function and exercise capacity were measured preoperatively and at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. Preoperative pulmonary scintigraphy was used to calculate the(More)
Asthma now affects one child in seven in the United Kingdom. Most cases (95%) of childhood asthma are associated with atopy, the immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated familial syndrome of allergic asthma, eczema and rhinitis. Segregation analysis has consistently suggested the presence of major genes influencing atopy and IgE levels, with the expectation that(More)
It is known that 6505 men and 411 women were employed in the mining and milling of crocidolite at Wittenoom in the Pilbara region of Western Australia between 1943 and 1966. Employment was usually brief (median duration four months) and exposure intense (median estimated cumulative exposure 6 fibres/cc years). The vital status of 73% of the men and 58% of(More)
One hundred seven subjects from a polyurethane plastic manufacturing plant have been followed over a five-year period with measurements of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), and questionnaires on respiratory symptoms and smoking habits. Environmental concentrations of toluene diisocyanate and diphenyl methyl diisocyanate were extensively monitored to(More)
PURPOSE We performed a phase II study of combined cisplatin 100 mg/m2, given intravenously on day 1, and gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m2, given intravenously on days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle for six cycles among patients with advanced measurable pleural mesothelioma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Pleural tumor was measured at three levels on computed tomographic(More)
Previous employees of a mining company, engaged in mining of crocidolite at Wittenoom Gorge in Western Australia between 1943 and 1966, have been traced to determine their incidence of asbestos-related diseases. Of 6200 male employees, 220 (3.5%) have developed pneumoconiosis and 26 have developed pleural mesothelioma. No cases of peritoneal mesothelioma(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant mesothelioma is a tumour which is generally resistant to chemotherapy. While the addition of interferon to chemotherapy improves response rates in some other malignancies, such a combination has not been evaluated in the treatment of mesothelioma. AIMS To assess the anti-tumour effects and toxicity of interferon-alpha combined with(More)
IgE responses to inhaled proteins underlie the clinical syndrome of allergic (atopic) asthma and rhinitis. We have investigated genetic linkage between specific IgE reactions to highly purified major allergens and the T-cell receptor (TCR) alpha and beta gene complexes on chromosome 14 and 7, respectively. Antigens tested included highly purified proteins(More)
Asthma is a common, genetically complex human disease. Elevated serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels, elevated blood eosinophil counts, variably reduced spirometric measures and increased airway responsiveness (AR) are physiological traits which are characteristic of asthma. We investigated the genetic and environmental components of variance of serum total(More)
Malignant mesothelioma remains a uniformly fatal disease and best supportive care continues to be the standard treatment. Neither chemotherapy nor surgery has been shown to prolong survival. Radiotherapy is not curative but is useful for prophylaxis against needle-track metastases and for symptom palliation. Combinations of therapies have been tried but(More)