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The latissimus dorsi flap is highly versatile and reliable, making it a commonly transferred muscle flap. This study evaluated the subjective donor site morbidity, with special attention to activities of daily living. A review of 85 consecutive female patients who underwent latissimus dorsi muscle transfer was performed. Patients were mailed detailed(More)
BACKGROUND Autogenous fat transfer with lipoinjection for soft-tissue augmentation is a commonly used technique without a universally accepted approach. The high percentage and variable amount of fat resorption reduce the clinical efficacy of this procedure and often result in the need for further grafting. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the(More)
Little is known about the physiology of large-volume liposuction. Patients are exposed to prolonged procedures, general anesthesia, fluid shifts, and infusion of high doses of epinephrine and lidocaine. Consequently, the authors examined the thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses to liposuction by assessing multiple physiologic factors. The aims of(More)
Patients are routinely exposed to high-dose epinephrine infiltration during large-volume liposuction. Because of the serious cardiovascular side-effect profile of catecholamine overdose, the authors examined the safety of larger-volume liposuction by assessing epinephrine pharmacokinetics. Five female volunteers with American Society of Anesthesiologists(More)
PURPOSE A core concept in plastic surgery has been the replacement of "like-with-like" tissue. Applying this concept to the lower extremity, the anterolateral thigh (ALT) perforator flap has become a frequently used free flap for restoration of soft tissue defects involving the distal lower extremity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of(More)
Patients need to have realistic expectations for a long-term successful body contour result. There are four key elements for long-term successful improvement in body contour, and the patient is responsible for the first three: exercise, a proper diet, and other positive lifestyle changes; and successful body contouring. An extensive survey requesting(More)
High doses of lidocaine are administered to patients undergoing liposuction. Monoethylglycinexylidide, the active metabolite of lidocaine, is 80 to 90 percent as potent as lidocaine, and its relative toxicity is approximately that of lidocaine. Monoethylglycinexylidide has not previously been measured in studies on lidocaine in liposuction. The aims of this(More)
BACKGROUND Liposuction remains the most commonly performed aesthetic surgical procedure in the United States. Preoperative infiltration of the subcutaneous tissues with a wetting solution has become standard. These solutions typically contain some amount of lidocaine for pain control. High doses of lidocaine have been demonstrated to be safe, but large(More)
Substantial fluid shifts occur during liposuction as wetting solution is infiltrated subcutaneously and fat is evacuated, causing potential electrolyte imbalances. In the porcine model for large-volume liposuction, plasma aspartate aminotransferase and alanine transaminase levels were elevated following liposuction. These results raised concerns for(More)
BACKGROUND Liposuction is the most common cosmetic operation performed. To the authors' knowledge, no report has examined patients' attitudes and postoperative opinions, lifestyle changes, weight gain changes, and satisfaction with their liposuction procedure in general and by specific site. The authors report on data from a survey provided to patients by(More)