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The primary structure of galectin-3, a approximately 30 kDa galactoside-binding protein (aka CBP-35, mL-34, hL-31, L-29, Mac-2, and epsilon BP), reveals two structural domains: an amino-terminal domain consists of a Pro-Gly-rich motif, and a globular carboxyl-terminal domain containing a carbohydrate-binding site. In this study, we report that the(More)
Vitamin A circulates in human plasma as retinol bound to a specific transport protein. This protein differs from the known low and high density plasma lipoproteins and has a hydrated density greater than 1.21. In order to study this protein, volunteers were injected intravenously with retinol-15-(14)C. Plasma was collected 1-3 days later, and the(More)
We report here that the bacterial lipopolysaccharide endotoxin induces human blood monocytes in a time- and dose-dependent manner to release prodigious amounts of prostaglandins with thromboxane A2, the major metabolite formed. Cells responded to as little as 1 ng/ml lipopolysaccharide to release prostaglandin E2 and thromboxane A2 with maximal stimulation(More)
Galectin-3, a beta-galactoside-binding protein, has been shown to be involved in tumor progression and metastasis. Here, we demonstrate that expression of galectin-3 in human breast carcinoma BT549 cells inhibits cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (cisplatin)-induced poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase degradation and apoptosis, without altering Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), or Bax(More)
Animal models, by definition, are an approximation of reality, and their use in developing anti-cancer drugs is controversial. Positive retrospective clinical correlations have been identified with several animal models, in addition to limitations and a need for improvement. Model inadequacies include experimental designs that do not incorporate biological(More)
B16-F1 melanoma cells express augmented glycosylation of a Mr 78,000 (gp78) cell surface glycoprotein in response to cell shape modulation which is correlated to an increased metastatic ability in vivo and motility in vitro. A monoclonal antibody (mAb) directed against gp78 was used to study its surface distribution and possible function in cell locomotion.(More)
Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a beta-galactoside-binding protein that is involved in cancer progression and metastasis. Using a progressive human melanoma tissue microarray, we previously demonstrated that melanocytes accumulate Gal-3 during the progression from benign to dysplastic nevi to melanoma and further to metastatic melanoma. Herein, we show that silencing(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that carbohydrate-binding proteins play an essential role in tumor growth and metastasis. However, conflicting results on their function in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation during angiogenesis have been reported. We have examined the role of galectin-3 in the regulation of human umbilical vein endothelial(More)
Tumor autocrine motility factor (AMF) has been detected in and purified from serum-free conditioned medium of human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells. Under nonreducing conditions, AMF migrates in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis as a single band of 55 kDa but under reducing conditions as a band of 64 kDa. Two-dimensional polyacrylamide(More)
Oncogenic signaling stimulates the dynamic remodeling of actin microfilaments and substrate adhesions, essential for cell spreading and motility. Transformation is associated with increased expression of beta1,6GlcNAc-branched N-glycans, products of Golgi beta1,6-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (Mgat5) and the favored ligand for galectins. Herein we report(More)