Avraham Ben-Nun

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A predominant response to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) was recently observed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). To study the possible pathogenic role of T cell response to MOG in MS, we have investigated the encephalitogenic potential of MOG. Synthetic MOG peptides, pMOG 1-21, 35-55, 67-87, 104-117 and 202-218, representing predicted T(More)
T-cell autoimmunity to myelin basic protein was recently shown to be neuroprotective in injured rat optic nerves. In the present study, using the mouse optic nerve, we examined whether active immunization rather than passive transfer of T-cells can be beneficial in protecting retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from post-traumatic death. Before severe crush(More)
The isolation and propagation of functional antigen-specific lines of T lymphoblasts is described. These lines were found to recognize foreign or self antigens in association with accessory cells of syngeneic major histocompatibility complex genotype. Intravenous inoculation of a T cell reactive only against myelin basic protein led to development of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cannabis extracts and several cannabinoids have been shown to exert broad anti-inflammatory activities in experimental models of inflammatory CNS degenerative diseases. Clinical use of many cannabinoids is limited by their psychotropic effects. However, phytocannabinoids like cannabidiol (CBD), devoid of psychoactive activity, are,(More)
The pathophysiology of autoimmune arthritis was studied by selecting and isolating lines of effector T lymphocytes from rats administered an arthritogenic dose of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in complete Freund's adjuvant to induce adjuvant arthritis. Irradiated rats were intravenously inoculated with a cell line characterized by proliferative reactivity to(More)
The encephalitogenic peptide pMOG 35-55 from the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein was used to induce experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in H-2b mice with the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene intact or disrupted. The IL-6+/+ mice developed a chronic form of EAE ascending paralysis, whereas the IL-6-/- mice were resistant to the disease. Injections(More)
Immunization of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) with a single dose of human myelin in CFA, without administration of Bordetella pertussis, induces a form of autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) resembling in its clinical and pathological expression multiple sclerosis in humans. The EAE incidence in our outbred marmoset colony is 100%. This study was(More)
Myelin-specific encephalitogenic T cells, when passively transferred into rats or mice, cause an experimental autoimmune disease. Previous studies by our group have shown that (a) the same cells also significantly reduce post-traumatic degeneration in these animals after injury to the central nervous system, (b) this beneficial autoimmunity is a(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) and proteolipid protein (PLP), the most abundant proteins of central nervous system (CNS) myelin, have been extensively studied as possible primary target antigens in multiple sclerosis (MS), a primary demyelinating autoimmune disease of the CNS. However, there is increasing evidence to suggest that autoimmune reactivity against(More)