Avit Kumar Bhowmik

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The consumption of contaminated drinking water is one of the major causes of mortality and many severe diseases in developing countries. The principal drinking water sources in Pakistan, i.e. ground and surface water, are subject to geogenic and anthropogenic trace metal contamination. However, water quality monitoring activities have been limited to a few(More)
This study compares three interpolation methods to create continuous surfaces that describe temperature trends in Bangladesh between years 1948 and 2007. The reviewed techniques include Spline, Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) and Kriging. A statistical assessment based on univariate statistics of the resulting continuous surfaces indicates that there is(More)
This study aims to assess the spatial patterns of selected dust-borne trace elements alongside the river Indus Pakistan, their relation with anthropogenic and natural sources, and the potential risk posed to human health. The studied elements were found in descending concentrations: Mn, Zn, Pb, Cu, Ni, Cr, Co, and Cd. The Index of Geo-accumulation indicated(More)
Climate is the predominant environmental driver of freshwater assemblage pattern on large spatial scales, and traits of freshwater organisms have shown considerable potential to identify impacts of climate change. Although several studies suggest traits that may indicate vulnerability to climate change, the empirical relationship between freshwater(More)
Given the multitude of pesticides used in agriculture, adjacent streams are typically exposed to pesticide mixtures. Previous studies analysed the ecological risks of a few pesticide mixtures or were limited to an individual region or crop, whereas a large scale analysis of pesticide mixtures is missing. We analysed routine monitoring data from Germany,(More)
Climatic variability analysis is an emerging scientific issue for SouthAsian regions, where recent climate change has imposed substantial challenges. In this paper, we analyzed the spatiotemporal variability of the yearly maximum temperature (TXx), which characterizes the summer in Bangladesh, sampled at 34 meteorological stations during 1948-2007. We(More)
Selection of accumulation thresholds for automated stream network extraction from digital elevation models (DEM) and delineation of upstream riparian corridors for given stream sampling points are important in water resources research. Accumulation threshold selection is often done by subjective comparison to a surveyed stream network and upstream riparian(More)
The present study aims to assess the arsenic (As) levels into dust samples and its implications for human health, of four ecological zones of Pakistan, which included northern frozen mountains (FMZ), lower Himalyian wet mountains (WMZ), alluvial riverine plains (ARZ), and low lying agricultural areas (LLZ). Human nail samples (N=180) of general population(More)
Mercury (Hg) contamination of environment is a major threat to human health in developing countries like Pakistan. Human populations, particularly children, are continuously exposed to Hg contamination via dust particles due to the arid and semi-arid climate. However, a country wide Hg contamination data for dust particles is lacking for Pakistan and hence,(More)
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