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The 60 kDa heat shock protein (HSP60) has been reported to influence T-cell responses in two ways: as a ligand of toll-like receptor 2 signalling and as an antigen. Here we describe a new mechanism of T-cell immuno-regulation focused on HSP60: HSP60 is up-regulated and presented by activated T cells (HSP60 is an ergotope) to regulatory (anti-ergotypic) T(More)
Genome instability is a primary factor leading to the activation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Telomeric repeat (TR) sequences are also responsible for genome integrity. By capping the termini of the chromosomes, TRs prevent them undergoing nucleolytic degradation, ligation or chromosome fusion. Interestingly, telomere shortening was suggested to(More)
Stalk formation is a novel pattern of multicellular organization. Yeast cells which survive UV irradiation form colonies that grow vertically to form very long (0.5 to 3.0 cm) and thin (0.5 to 4 mm in diameter) multicellular structures. We describe the conditions required to obtain these stalk-like structures reproducibly in large numbers. Yeast mutants,(More)
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