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The 60 kDa heat shock protein (HSP60) has been reported to influence T-cell responses in two ways: as a ligand of toll-like receptor 2 signalling and as an antigen. Here we describe a new mechanism of T-cell immuno-regulation focused on HSP60: HSP60 is up-regulated and presented by activated T cells (HSP60 is an ergotope) to regulatory (anti-ergotypic) T(More)
Genome instability is a primary factor leading to the activation of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Telomeric repeat (TR) sequences are also responsible for genome integrity. By capping the termini of the chromosomes, TRs prevent them undergoing nucleolytic degradation, ligation or chromosome fusion. Interestingly, telomere shortening was suggested to(More)
The induction of anti-DNA autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients is problematic because mammalian DNA is poorly immunogenic at best. Here we demonstrate a chain of connected antibodies in SLE patient sera that could account for the induction of anti-DNA antibody, and possibly for some of the pathogenic features of SLE. We now report(More)
Antibodies to DNA are important markers of various autoimmune diseases and can be pathogenic; however, their generation is not understood. We previously reported that anti-DNA antibodies could be induced in mice by idiotypic immunization to PAb-421, an antibody to a DNA-binding domain of p53. We now report that two monoclonal antibodies of moderate affinity(More)
Beta-synuclein is a neuronal protein that accumulates in the plaques that characterize neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. It has been proposed that immunization to peptides of plaque-forming proteins might be used therapeutically to help dissociate pathogenic plaques in the brain. We now report that immunization of(More)
T regulatory cells play an important role in regulating T-cell responses to self-antigens and control autoimmunity and autoimmune disease. Anti-ergotypic T cells are a subset of such regulatory T cells that respond to activation markers, ergotopes, expressed on other activated T cells. Anti-ergotypic T cells do not respond to nonactivated T cells. Ergotopes(More)
T cell vaccination (TCV) activates Tregs of 2 kinds: anti-idiotypic (anti-id) and anti-ergotypic (anti-erg). These regulators furnish a useful view of the physiology of T cell regulation of the immune response. Anti-id Tregs recognize specific effector clones by their unique TCR CDR3 peptides; anti-id networks of CD4+ and CD8+ Tregs have been described in(More)
Ab's to the alpha-chain of the IL-2 receptor (anti-CD25) are used clinically to achieve immunosuppression. Here we investigated the effects of DNA vaccination with the whole CD25 gene on the induction of rat adjuvant arthritis. The DNA vaccine protected the rats and led to a shift in the cytokine profile of T cells responding to disease target antigens from(More)
T regulatory cells play an important role in regulating T cell responses. Anti-ergotypic T cells are a subset of regulatory T cells that proliferate in response to activation markers, ergotopes, expressed on activated, and not on resting syngeneic T cells. Here we report the presence of anti-ergotypic T cells in lymph nodes, spleens and thymuses of naive(More)
The tumor suppressor molecule p53 features a regulatory domain at the C terminus that recognizes damaged DNA. Since damaged DNA might be involved in activating anti-DNA autoantibodies, we tested whether autoimmunity to the C terminus of p53 might mark murine systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We now report that MRL / MpJ-Fas(lpr) mice, which spontaneously(More)
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