Avio Maria Perna

Learn More
Mechanical factors play a key role in activation of cardiac growth factor response in hemodynamic overload, and both cooperate in myocardial remodeling. The present study was performed to investigate whether a different growth factor response is activated in the right and left ventricles in aortocaval fistula and its effects on regional myocardial(More)
To investigate the time sequence of cardiac growth factor formation, echocardiographic and hemodynamic measurements were performed at scheduled times, and mRNAs for angiotensinogen, prepro-endothelin-1 (ppET-1), and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) were quantified with RT-PCR and localized with in situ hybridization in pigs (fluothane anesthesia) by use(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy of an animal procedure lab in improving the level of comfort in performing important emergency medicine procedures. The procedures included central venous line, chest tube, cricothyrotomy, pericardiocentesis, venous cutdown, and thoracotomy. METHODS The students were physicians participating(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The majority of studies on neuropsychological complications after cardiac surgery used the raw variation of selective tests scores to define the occurrence of cognitive decline. We prospectively estimated the frequency of cognitive impairment after cardiac surgery, with a particular emphasis on persistent and clinically relevant(More)
Gap-junctions are specialized regions of intercellular contacts allowing electrical impulse propagation among adjacent cardiomyocytes. Connexin43 (Cx43) is the predominant gap-junction protein in the working ventricular myocardium and its reduced expression has been extensively implicated in the genesis of conduction abnormalities and re-entry arrhythmia of(More)
UNLABELLED The role of angiotensin II in pressure overload is still debated because notwithstanding its effects on myocyte contractility angiotensin II is not an obligatory factor for the development of hypertrophy. To define the role of angiotensin II in acute pressure overload we studied the effects of AT1 blockade (valsartan 80mg per day) on myocardial(More)
Oxidative stress stimulates both growth and apoptosis in cardiac myocytes in vitro. We investigated the role of oxidative stress in the initial phases of cardiac remodeling induced in an animal model by volume overload. As plausible candidates for a connection between oxidative stress and cardiomyocyte apoptosis or hypertrophy, we explored the behaviour of(More)
The success of cellular cardiomyoplasty, a novel therapy for the repair of postischemic myocardium, depends on the anatomical integration of the engrafted cells with the resident cardiomyocytes. Our aim was to investigate the interaction between undifferentiated mouse skeletal myoblasts (C2C12 cells) and adult rat ventricular cardiomyocytes in an in vitro(More)
Free radicals and other reactive species generated during reperfusion of ischemic tissues may cause DNA damage and, consequently, the activation of the nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). An excessive PARP activation may result in a depletion of intracellular NAD+ and ATP, hence cell suffering and, ultimately, cell death. The present study is(More)