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Rapid and effective differentiation between normal and cancer cells is an important challenge for the diagnosis and treatment of tumors. Here, we describe an array-based system for identification of normal and cancer cells based on a "chemical nose/tongue" approach that exploits subtle changes in the physicochemical nature of different cell surfaces. Their(More)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) provide attractive vehicles for delivery of drugs, genetic materials, proteins, and small molecules. AuNPs feature low core toxicity coupled with the ability to parametrically control particle size and surface properties. In this review, we focus on engineering of the AuNP surface monolayer, highlighting recent advances in tuning(More)
Four novel cholesterol-based gemini cationic lipids differing in the length of oxyethylene-type spacers [-CH2-(CH2-O-CH2)n-CH2-] between each ammonium headgroup have been synthesized. These formed stable suspensions in aqueous media. Cationic liposomes were prepared from each of these lipids individually and as mixtures of cationic lipid and DOPE. These(More)
A structure-activity relationship has been explored on the gene transfection efficiencies of cardiolipin mimicking gemini lipid analogues upon variation of length and hydrophilicity of the spacer between the cationic ammonium headgroups and lipid hydrocarbon chain lengths. All the gemini lipids were found to be highly superior in gene transfer abilities as(More)
This feature article describes the recent developments in the design of cationic lipids and their applications in gene delivery. Various structure-activity investigations explaining the variations in gene transfection efficacies with respect to different molecular structures of the cationic lipids have been discussed. Gene transfer abilities are presented(More)
A structure-activity investigation was undertaken to see the effect of the nature of the spacer on the gene transfection efficacies of thiocholesterol-derived cationic gemini lipids possessing disulfide linkage between the cationic headgroup and the thiocholesterol moiety. Three gemini cationic lipids possessing hydrophobic flexible (-(CH 2) 5-; 1),(More)
We synthesized four cationic bile acid based facial amphiphiles featuring trimethyl ammonium head groups. We evaluated the role of these amphiphiles for cytotoxic activities against colon cancer cells and their membrane interactions by varying charge, hydration and hydrophobicity. The singly charged cationic Lithocholic acid based amphiphile (LCA-TMA1) is(More)
Nine lipopolymers based on low molecular weight polyethyleneimines (PEI) and cholesterol via an ether linkage between the polymer amine and the cholesterol backbone have been synthesized. Different percentage of cholesterol moieties have been grafted on three types of PEI of molecular weights 800, 1200, and 2000. These lipopolymers were studied for gene(More)
Five cholesterol-based gemini cationic lipids, which differ in the length of the spacer [-(CH2)n-] chain between the head groups, have been synthesized. These lipids are useful as nonviral gene delivery agents, and all cholesterol-based gemini lipids (2a-2e) are better transfecting agents than their monomeric lipid counterpart 1. Transfection efficiency of(More)
Surface recognition of biosystems is a critical component in the development of novel biosensors and delivery vehicles, and for the therapeutic regulation of biological processes. Monolayer-protected nanoparticles present a highly versatile scaffold for selective interaction with bio-macromolecules and cells. Through the engineering of the monolayer(More)