Avichal Aggarwal

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OBJECTIVE Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder that leads to a number of medical sequelae in adult women and has a mortality rate of 5.6% per decade; known complications include effects on hematologic, biochemical, bone density, and body composition parameters. Few data regarding medical and developmental consequences of AN are available for(More)
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with very low levels of leptin, a cytokine secreted by adipose tissue and known to suppress appetite. Leptin may play a permissive role in onset of puberty and in resumption of gonadal function in conditions of undernutrition. The soluble leptin receptor (sOB-R) is the main leptin binding protein, and the ratio of serum(More)
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a disorder that is increasing in frequency in adolescents, and the age of onset is often in the prepubertal years, potentially affecting the development of peak bone mass and linear growth. The GH-IGF-I axis plays an important role in bone formation, and alterations in GH secretory patterns have been described in adult women with(More)
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with high levels of GH and low levels of IGF-I suggestive of a nutritionally acquired lack of GH action or GH resistance. The suppression of GH levels after administration of inhibitors of GH secretion such as oral glucose is the definitive test to distinguish normal from pathological states of GH excess, such as(More)
Left atrial appendage aneurysm is an extremely rare anomaly and as such has been rarely imaged or seen intraoperatively with very little accumulated management experience. The available scant published literature stresses resection on cardiopulmonary bypass as the safest and by far the most commonly applied technique. We suggest a novel alternative(More)
The primary extracardiac inferior cavopulmonary connection is an unusual novel palliation for single-ventricle physiology, which we first performed in the setting of unfavourable upper-body systemic venous anatomy for a standard bi-directional Glenn, and in lieu of leaving our patient with shunt-dependent physiology. After an initial 16-month satisfactory(More)
Earlier attempts at percutaneous closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (Pm VSDs) were abandoned because of incidence of heart block likely as a result of device rigidity and/or oversizing. This is retrospective review and data reporting of patients who underwent percutaneous closure using the softer second-generation Amplatzer vascular(More)
INTRODUCTION Debilitating patient-related non-cardiac co-morbidity cumulatively increases risk for congenital heart surgery. At our emerging programme, flexible surgical strategies were used in high-risk neonates and infants generally considered in-operable, in an attempt to make them surgical candidates and achieve excellent outcomes. MATERIALS AND(More)