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Ultrasound is used in many medical applications, such as imaging, blood flow analysis, dentistry, liposuction, tumor and fibroid ablation, and kidney stone disruption. In the past, low frequency ultrasound (LFUS) was the main method to downsize multilamellar (micron range) vesicles into small (nano scale) unilamellar vesicles. Recently, the ability of(More)
Melanoma originates in the epidermis and becomes metastatic after invasion into the dermis. Prior interactions between melanoma cells and dermis are poorly studied. Here, we show that melanoma cells directly affect the formation of the dermal tumour niche by microRNA trafficking before invasion. Melanocytes, cells of melanoma origin, are specialized in(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a specific gene-silencing mechanism triggered by small interfering RNA (siRNA). The application of RNAi in the clinic requires the development of safe and effective delivery systems. Inspired by progress with lipid-based systems in drug delivery, efforts have been dedicated to the development of liposomal siRNA delivery systems.(More)
Metastasis accounts for the vast majority of cancer deaths. The unique challenges for treating metastases include their small size, high multiplicity and dispersion to diverse organ environments. Nanoparticles have many potential benefits for diagnosing and treating metastatic cancer, including the ability to transport complex molecular cargoes to the major(More)
The ability of low frequency ultrasound (LFUS) to trigger the release of drugs from nano sterically stabilized liposomes (nSSL) in vitro, without affecting the drugs' chemical integrity or biological potency, has been previously shown. Herein, the ability of LFUS to (a) trigger the release of cisplatin from nSSL in vivo, and (b) affect the therapeutic(More)
Despite efforts to understand the interactions between nanoparticles and cells, the cellular processes that determine the efficiency of intracellular drug delivery remain unclear. Here we examine cellular uptake of short interfering RNA (siRNA) delivered in lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) using cellular trafficking probes in combination with automated(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and siRNAs have enormous potential as cancer therapeutics, but their effective delivery to most solid tumors has been difficult. Here, we show that a new lung-targeting nanoparticle is capable of delivering miRNA mimics and siRNAs to lung adenocarcinoma cells in vitro and to tumors in a genetically engineered mouse model of lung cancer(More)
The ability of low-frequency ultrasound (LFUS) to release encapsulated drugs from sterically stabilized liposomes in a controlled manner was demonstrated. Three liposomal formulations having identical lipid bilayer compositions and a similar size ( approximately 100 nm) but differing in their encapsulated drugs and methods of drug loading have been tested.(More)
Dysfunctional endothelium contributes to more diseases than any other tissue in the body. Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) can help in the study and treatment of endothelial cells in vivo by durably silencing multiple genes simultaneously, but efficient siRNA delivery has so far remained challenging. Here, we show that polymeric nanoparticles made of(More)
Phospholipids (PL) form the matrix of biological membranes and of the lipoprotein envelope monolayer, and are responsible for many of the unique physicochemical, biochemical, and biological properties of these supermolecular bioassemblies. It was suggested that phospholipids present in the synovial fluid (SF) and on the surface of articular cartilage have(More)