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Splanchnic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) causes tissue hypoxia that triggers local and systemic microcirculatory inflammatory responses. We evaluated the effects of hyperoxia in I/R induced by 40-min superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion and 120-min reperfusion in four groups of rats: 1) control (anesthesia only), 2) sham operated (all surgical procedures(More)
Hyperoxia after splanchnic ischemia/reperfusion 2 Abstract Splanchnic ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) causes tissue hypoxia that triggers local and systemic microcirculatory inflammatory responses. We evaluated the effects of hyperoxia in I/R induced by occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) for 40 min. followed by reperfusion (120 min) in rats.(More)
BACKGROUND Curriculum planners and medical teachers attempt to enhance medical students' empathy and patient-centeredness. Despite educational efforts, there is stability in medical students' empathy and patient-centered medicine during the preclinical stage and a decline in both of them throughout the clinical years. Student-tutor relationship plays a key(More)
BACKGROUND The three-year pre-medical programme 'Becoming a Physician' focuses on different aspects of medical professionalism. Objectives are to increase awareness and sensitivity to disadvantaged populations, and practise sensitive effective communication skills. METHODS The curriculum includes: (1) Visits to treatment centres for people with special(More)
Over the last two decades, drug and alcohol abuse by pregnant women has spread to epidemic proportions. Maternal drug abuse has neurobehavioral and somatic effects which may be long-lasting and devastating to the offspring. Opiates, such as heroin and pain killers that contain a narcotic component, are widely abused today. A prominent manifestation of fetal(More)
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