Avi Rotschild

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CONTEXT Term-born children conceived by in vitro fertilisation (IVF) are reportedly taller than naturally conceived (NC) children. High levels of growth promoting hormones and epigenetic imprinting have been suggested as pathogenetic mechanisms. HYPOTHESIS Tall stature in prematurely born IVF-conceived (IVF-C) children suggests pre- or early implantation(More)
Paracetamol was reported to be effective for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure. We present a case series of PDA closure by paracetamol in seven premature infants. During the treatment, paracetamol blood levels did not exceed the recommended levels for analgesia and hyperthermia in six tested infants. None of the patients demonstrated significant(More)
Splanchnic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) causes tissue hypoxia that triggers local and systemic microcirculatory inflammatory responses. We evaluated the effects of hyperoxia in I/R induced by 40-min superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion and 120-min reperfusion in four groups of rats: 1) control (anesthesia only), 2) sham operated (all surgical procedures(More)
AIM To examine the relation between grade III-IV periventricular/intraventricular haemorrhage (PVH/IVH) and antenatal exposure to tocolytic treatment in very low birthweight (VLBW) premature infants. STUDY DESIGN The study population consisted of 2794 infants from the Israel National VLBW Infant Database, of gestational age 24-32 weeks, who had a cranial(More)
BACKGROUND High frequency oscillatoryventilation based on optimal lung volume strategy is one of the accepted modes of ventilatory support for respiratory distress syndrome in very low birth weight infants. In 1999 itwas introduced in our unit as the primary ventilation modality for RDS. OBJECTIVES To evaluate if the shift to HFOV influenced the outcome(More)
Mechanical complications during assisted ventilation can evolve due to worsening lung disease or problems in airway management. These complications affect lung compliance or airway resistance, which in turn affect the chest wall dynamics. The objective of this study was to explore the utility of continuous monitoring of the symmetry and dynamics of chest(More)
Diagnosis of pneumothorax (PTX) in newborn infants has been reported as late. To explore diagnostic indices for early detection of progressing PTX, and offer explanations for delayed diagnoses. Progressing PTX was created in rabbits (2.3 ± 0.5 kg, n = 7) by injecting 1 ml/min of air into the pleural space. Hemodynamic parameters, tidal volume, EtCO2, SpO2,(More)
Splanchnic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induces a systemic inflammatory response with acute lung injury. Impaired production of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) plays a key role in this process. We evaluated the effects of early treatment with inhaled NO (iNO) on lung microcirculatory inflammatory changes during splanchnic I/R. I/R was induced in rats by(More)
Monitoring ventilated infants is difficult during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV). This study tested the possible causes of hypoxemic episodes using a new method for monitoring chest wall movement during HFOV in newborn infants. Three miniature motion sensors were attached to both sides of the chest and to the epigastrium to measure the local(More)