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The adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by increased neutrophils within the airspaces of the lungs. In order to determine if neutrophil activating protein (NAP)-1/interleukin-8 (NAP-1/IL-8) could be an important cause of neutrophil influx and activation in ARDS, we examined fluid, which was either directly aspirated or lavaged with(More)
BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important cause of focal epilepsy. Animal experiments indicate that disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE). OBJECTIVE To investigate the frequency, extent and functional correlates of increased BBB permeability in patient with PTE.(More)
IL-8 is a member of the chemokine alpha subfamily that activates and is chemotactic for neutrophils. In these studies, we have synthesized and characterized a hexapeptide inhibitor of IL-8. This peptide, with an acetylated amino terminus and an amidated carboxyl terminus (Ac-RRWWCR-NH2), inhibited the specific binding of 125I-IL-8 to neutrophils. The(More)
BAL in patients with ARDS provides material containing the soluble and cellular constituents of the alveolar compartment, and hence is a useful tool for the study of the pathogenesis of ARDS. The technique is imperfect as it is prone to problems of data acquisition and interpretation. However, it is lung-specific and may be used in serial studies of(More)
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was obtained from 24 sequentially studied patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) for assessment of potential activating and mediating factors. Proteolytic activity of the fluids was observed by measuring cleavage of radiolabeled proteins of the contact (Hageman factor) and complement systems. Proteolytic(More)
Melanoma growth stimulatory activity (MGSA/GROalpha) is a 73 amino acid peptide sharing sequence characteristics with the alpha-chemokine superfamily. MGSA/GROalpha is produced by diverse melanoma cell lines and reported to act as an autocrine growth factor for the cells. We tested the binding of MGSA/GROalpha to melanoma cell lines, Hs 294T and RPMI7951,(More)
Recent animal experiments indicate a critical role for opening of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE). This study aimed to investigate the frequency, extent, and functional correlates of BBB disruption in epileptic patients following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). Thirty-seven TBI patients were included in(More)
IL-8 is a potent neutrophil attractant and activator. IL-8 has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, sepsis, psoriasis, and the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Our previous studies demonstrated that high concentrations of IL-8 were present in alveolar fluids from patients with ARDS(More)