Avgi Mamalaki

Learn More
The neuromuscular junction nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR), a pentameric membrane glycoprotein, is the autoantigen involved in the autoimmune disease myasthenia gravis (MG). In animals immunized with intact AChR and in human MG, the anti-AChR antibody response is polyclonal. However, a small extracellular region of the AChR alpha-subunit, the main(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors labelled with tritiated agonists are reduced in the cerebral cortex in Alzheimer's disease (AD), but to date it has not been demonstrated which nicotinic receptor subunits contribute to this deficit. In the present study, autopsy tissue from the temporal cortex of 14 AD cases and 15 age-matched control subjects was(More)
The recently discovered iron regulatory peptide hormone hepcidin holds promise as a novel biomarker in iron metabolism disorders. To date, various mass spectrometry and immunochemical methods have been developed for its quantification in plasma and urine. Differences in methodology and analytical performance hinder the comparability of data. As a first step(More)
BACKGROUND Hepcidin is a 25-aminoacid cysteine-rich iron regulating peptide. Increased hepcidin concentrations lead to iron sequestration in macrophages, contributing to the pathogenesis of anaemia of chronic disease whereas decreased hepcidin is observed in iron deficiency and primary iron overload diseases such as hereditary hemochromatosis. Hepcidin(More)
HER2/neu-derived peptides inducing MHC class II-restricted CD4+ T helper lymphocyte (Th) responses, although critical for tumour rejection, are not thoroughly characterized. Here, we report the generation and characterization of CD4+ T cell clones specifically recognizing a HER-2/neu-derived peptide (776–788) [designated HER2(776–788)]. Such clones yielded(More)
Hepcidin is synthesized in the liver and has a crucial role in iron homoeostasis. Its synthesis is up-regulated in chronic inflammation and iron excess. We examined the determinants of serum hepcidin and liver hepcidin mRNA levels and their association with histological lesions in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and healthy controls. We studied 96(More)
The BM88 antigen is a neuron-specific molecule widely distributed in the mammalian nervous system. It is a 22-kDa, apparently not glycosylated, integral membrane protein, which appears early during brain development and remains at high levels in the mature animal. Here, we describe the cDNA cloning of the porcine BM88 antigen and present evidence that this(More)
Antibodies against the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) are the main pathogenic factor in myasthenia gravis (MG). Clinical improvement correlates well with a reduction in levels of circulating anti-AChR antibodies, and plasmapheresis is an efficient short-term MG treatment. The Sepharose-immobilized N-terminal extracellular domain of human muscle AChR(More)
The N-terminal extracellular domain (ECD; amino acids 1-208) of the neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) alpha7 subunit, the only human AChR subunit known to assemble as a homopentamer, was expressed as a glycosylated form in the yeast Pichia pastoris in order to obtain a native-like model of the extracellular part of an intact pentameric(More)
The Her2/neu oncogene is overexpressed in various human cancers of epithelial origin and is associated with increased metastatic potential and poor prognosis. Blocking the Her2/neu signalling has been the focus of most therapeutic approaches. In this paper, the Her2/neu extracellular domain expressed in soluble form in yeast Pichia pastoris was used in(More)