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Haptoglobin is an abundant hemoglobin-binding protein present in the plasma. The function of haptoglobin is primarily to determine the fate of hemoglobin released from red blood cells after either intravascular or extravascular hemolysis. There are two common alleles at the Hp genetic locus denoted 1 and 2. There are functional differences between the Hp 1(More)
OBJECTIVE Vitamin E provides cardiovascular protection to individuals with diabetes and the haptoglobin 2-2 genotype but appears to increase cardiovascular risk in individuals with diabetes and the haptoglobin 2-1 genotype. We have previously demonstrated that the haptoglobin protein is associated with HDL and that HDL function and its oxidative(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare embryos obtained after IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) regarding morphology and the likelihood of achieving clinical pregnancy. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING An IVF unit controlling 1,310 cycles in 1996. PATIENT(S) Women having a total of 477 IVF and 475 ICSI consecutive cycles. INTERVENTION(S) Ovarian(More)
We sought to determine whether neutrophil activation, as reflected by soluble L-selectin levels, plays a role in controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) and the possible correlation between soluble L-selectin and serum sex steroid levels. The study population consisted of 14 consecutive patients undergoing our routine in vitro fertilization (IVF) long(More)
PROBLEM To aim of the study was to investigate whether controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) causes endothelial activation and whether there is a correlation between endothelial activation and serum sex-steroid levels. METHOD OF STUDY The study population consisted of 14 consecutive patients undergoing our routine IVF long gonadotropin-releasing(More)
Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is a progressive X-linked muscle wasting disease for which there is no treatment. BMD is caused by in-frame mutations in the gene encoding dystrophin, a structural cytoskeletal protein that also targets other proteins to the sarcolemma. Among these is neuronal nitric oxide synthase mu (nNOSμ), which requires specific(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether cultured human granulosa cells (GC) produce Interleukin (IL)-2 and whether this GC IL-2 production may be regulated by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). MATERIALS AND METHODS Human GC derived from preovulatory follicles during in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles were cultured in the absence or presence of hCG.(More)
An emerging paradigm of research has suggested that in the setting of diabetes mellitus (DM) the quality or function of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) may be a determinant of cardiovascular disease risk. Specific structural modifications of HDL protein and lipid components, resulting from oxidative modification, have been proposed to mediate HDL's loss of(More)
The study was conducted to determine whether pre-implantation embryos secrete interleukin-2. Conditioned media of 27 embryos derived from women during in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles were analyzed for interleukin-2 concentration. The results showed that conditioned embryo medium from the two pronuclei stage to 24 hours later contains interleukin-2.(More)
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