Avery B Nathens

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Evidence-based guidelines for managing patients with intra-abdominal infection were prepared by an Expert Panel of the Surgical Infection Society and the Infectious Diseases Society of America. These updated guidelines replace those previously published in 2002 and 2003. The guidelines are intended for treating patients who either have these infections or(More)
A cornerstone of modern biomedical research is the use of mouse models to explore basic pathophysiological mechanisms, evaluate new therapeutic approaches, and make go or no-go decisions to carry new drug candidates forward into clinical trials. Systematic studies evaluating how well murine models mimic human inflammatory diseases are nonexistent. Here, we(More)
Human survival from injury requires an appropriate inflammatory and immune response. We describe the circulating leukocyte transcriptome after severe trauma and burn injury, as well as in healthy subjects receiving low-dose bacterial endotoxin, and show that these severe stresses produce a global reprioritization affecting >80% of the cellular functions and(More)
BACKGROUND Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is now the leading cause of transfusion-associated mortality, even though it is probably still underdiagnosed and underreported. NATIONAL HEART, LUNG, AND BLOOD INSTITUTE ACTION The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened a working group to identify areas of research needed in TRALI. The(More)
BACKGROUND Hospitals have difficulty justifying the expense of maintaining trauma centers without strong evidence of their effectiveness. To address this gap, we examined differences in mortality between level 1 trauma centers and hospitals without a trauma center (non-trauma centers). METHODS Mortality outcomes were compared among patients treated in 18(More)
Joseph S. Solomkin, John E. Mazuski, Ellen J. Baron, Robert G. Sawyer, Avery B. Nathens, Joseph T. DiPiro, Timothy Buchman, E. Patchen Dellinger, John Jernigan, Sherwood Gorbach, Anthony W. Chow, and John Bartlett Department of Surgery, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio; Department of Surgery, Washington University School of(More)
BACKGROUND Our previous Delphi study identified several audit filters considered sensitive to deviations in prehospital trauma care and potentially useful in conducting performance improvement, a process currently recommended by the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. This study validates 2 of those proposed audit filters. STUDY DESIGN We(More)
BACKGROUND Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can continuously and noninvasively monitor tissue oxygen saturation (StO2) in muscle and may be an indicator of shock severity. Our purpose was to evaluate how well StO2 predicted outcome in high-risk torso trauma patients presenting in shock. METHODS The primary outcome in this prospective study was multiple(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the comparative efficacy of selective decontamination of the digestive tract in critically ill surgical and medical patients, and in selected subgroups of surgical patients with pancreatitis, major burn injury, and those undergoing major elective surgery and transplantation. DATA SOURCES The MEDLINE database was searched from(More)
Enterococcus , Candida , Staphylococcus epidermidis , and Enterobacter . Infectious foci were rarely amenable to percutaneous drainage and were found to be poorly localized at laparotomy. Recurrent, or tertiary, peritonitis is a common complication of intraabdominal infection in patients admitted to an ICU. It differs from uncomplicated secondary(More)