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UNLABELLED The Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network (DILIN) studies hepatotoxicity caused by conventional medications as well as herbals and dietary supplements (HDS). To characterize hepatotoxicity and its outcomes from HDS versus medications, patients with hepatotoxicity attributed to medications or HDS were enrolled prospectively between 2004 and 2013. The(More)
BACKGROUND Acute liver failure (ALF) is a rare syndrome of severe, rapid-onset hepatic dysfunction-without prior advanced liver disease-that is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Intensive care and liver transplantation provide support and rescue, respectively. OBJECTIVE To determine whether changes in causes, disease severity, treatment, or(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection typically results in chronic disease with HCV outpacing antiviral immune responses. Here we asked whether innate immune responses are induced in healthcare workers who are exposed to small amounts of HCV, but do not develop systemic infection and acute liver disease. Twelve healthcare workers with accidental(More)
Portal hypertension has been described in a wide variety of hematological disorders, especially myeloproliferative and lymphoproliferative disorders. Its clinical manifestations may include bleeding esophageal varices, ascites, or hepatic encephalopathy. In patients with hematological disorders, there are a number of potential causes of portal hypertension,(More)
BACKGROUND T-cell responses have been described in seronegative patients who test negative for hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA despite frequent HCV exposure. However, the cross-sectional design of those studies did not clarify whether T cells were indeed induced by low-level HCV exposure without seroconversion or whether they resulted from regular acute(More)
IMPORTANCE Biliary atresia is the most common cause of end-stage liver disease in children. Controversy exists as to whether use of steroids after hepatoportoenterostomy improves clinical outcome. OBJECTIVE To determine whether the addition of high-dose corticosteroids after hepatoportoenterostomy is superior to surgery alone in improving biliary drainage(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the medical status of children with biliary atresia (BA) with their native livers after hepato- portoenterostomy (HPE) surgery. STUDY DESIGN The Childhood Liver Disease Research and Education Network database was utilized to examine subjects with BA living with their native livers 5 or more years after HPE and to describe the(More)