Avalon Garcia

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mTOR, the mammalian target of rapamycin, is a critical node for control of cell growth and survival and has widely been implicated in cancer survival signals. mTOR exists in two complexes: mTORC1 and mTORC2. Phospholipase D (PLD) and its metabolite phosphatidic acid (PA) have been implicated in the regulation of mTOR; however, their role has been(More)
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), a severe respiratory disease with high mortality caused by rodent-borne hantaviruses, has previously been identified in the United States and Canada as well as central and southern South America. In late 1999 and early 2000, an outbreak of acute illness compatible with HPS was reported in Los Santos, Panama, with the(More)
This study defines the requirements for the nuclear localization, stable nuclear association, and supramolecular assembly of a baculovirus polyhedrin protein in lepidopteran insect cells. Fragments of the polyhedrin protein were genetically fused to two different nonnuclear reporter proteins and the intracellular distribution of the fusion proteins was(More)
We have investigated the regulation of p27kip1, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, in BALB/c 3T3 cells during growth factor-stimulated transition from quiescence (G0) to a proliferative (G1) state. The level of p27kip1 protein falls dramatically after mitogenic stimulation and is accompanied by a decrease in cyclin E associated p27kip1, as well as a(More)
Retinoic acid signaling plays key roles in embryonic development and in maintaining the differentiated status of adult tissues. Recently, the nuclear retinoic acid receptor (RAR) isotypes α, β and γ were found to play specific functions in the expansion and differentiation of the stem compartments of various tissues. For instance, RARγ appears to be(More)
gp64 is a major virion envelope glycoprotein of the baculovirus Autographa californica multicapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV). gp64 plays an important role in AcMNPV infection, probably mediating penetration of one form of the virus into host cells through the endocytic pathway. gp64 also represents an excellent probe for studying the membrane(More)
Foreign secretory pathway proteins are often produced in surprisingly low amounts in the baculovirus/insect cell expression system. One possible reason for this is that heterologous signal peptides might be inefficiently recognized by the insect cell protein translocation machinery. This idea was supported by a recent study showing that secretion of a plant(More)
The v-myb oncogene of avian myeloblastosis virus causes acute myelomonocytic leukemia in chickens and transforms avian myeloid cells in vitro. Its protein product p48v-myb is a nuclear, sequence-specific, DNA-binding protein which activates gene expression in transient DNA transfection studies. To investigate the relationship between transformation and(More)
PURPOSE Elevated phospholipase D (PLD) activity provides a survival signal in several human cancer cell lines and suppresses apoptosis when cells are subjected to the stress of serum withdrawal. Thus, targeting PLD survival signals has potential to suppress survival in cancer cells that depend on PLD for survival. Honokiol is a compound that suppresses(More)