Avadhesh C. Sharma

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1. The effect of drugs affecting learning and memory was investigated using transfer latency (TL) as parameter for acquisition and retention of memory process on elevated plus-maze both in rats and mice. Further the validity of the procedure was envisaged. 2. The results provide an evidence for utility of shortened TL on 2nd day trial in old rats and mice(More)
Inadequate beta-cell function is an essential component of all forms of diabetes. The most obvious problem is a failure to maintain sufficient beta-cell mass and function to cope with whatever insulin resistance is present. The most striking functional defect is a loss of acute glucose-induced insulin secretion (GIIS). This review discusses the ways in(More)
Antianxiety effect of noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist MK 801 was investigated on elevated plus-maze paradigm in rats. Interactional effects of MK 801 with the specific anxiolytic agent, diazepam; the anxiogenic beta-carboline agent, FG-7142 and the central BZ receptor antagonist Ro 15-1788 were explored. MK 801 (0.025-0.1 mg/kg) produced anxiolytic(More)
The possible involvement of gamma-aminobutyric acid/benzodiazepine (GABA-BZ) receptor modulation in scopolamine-induced short-term memory deficit was investigated in mice. Passive avoidance step-down task behavior was observed. Latency of mice to reach shock-free zone (SFZ) and number of mistakes the animal made in 15 min were used as separate parameters(More)
The phenomenon of long-term potentiation (LTP) formation in hippocampal and neocortical brain areas has been suggested as a mechanism for learning and memory where NMDA-receptors play a significant role. Various agonists have been proposed to facilitate LTP and thereby learning and memory. Competitive and non-competitive antagonists of NMDA-receptors block(More)
Possible involvement of GABA receptor systems in scopolamine-induced short-term memory deficits was investigated using latency of mice to reach shock-free zone (SFZ) and number of mistakes (descents) the animal made in 15 min as parameters for acquisition and retention of memory in passive avoidance paradigm. Atropine (1-5 mg/kg), scopolamine (0.1-0.5(More)
(1) Increased oxidative stress plays a significant role in the etiology of cardiovascular disease. Lipid peroxidation, initiated in the presence of hydroxy radicals resulting in the production of malondialdehyde, directly produces oxidative stress. This study was designed to examine the direct impact of malondialdehyde on ventricular contractile function at(More)
BACKGROUND In the present study we tested the hypothesis that progression of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes (14-days to 28-days) would produce renal and vascular dysfunction that correlate with altered p38- mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) phosphorylation in kidneys and thoracic aorta. METHODS Male Sprague Dawley rats (350-400 g) were(More)
—Neutron stimulated emission computed tomography (NSECT) is being developed as a non-invasive spectroscopic imaging technique to determine element concentrations in the human body. NSECT uses a beam of fast neutrons that scatter inelastically from atomic nuclei in tissue, causing them to emit characteristic gamma photons that are detected and identified(More)
BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that 5-Hydroxydecanoic acid (5HD), a putative mitoK(ATP) channel blocker, will reverse sepsis-induced cardiodynamic and adult rat ventricular myocyte (ARVM) contractile dysfunction, restore mitochondrial membrane permeability alterations and improve survival. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Male Sprague-Dawley rats(More)