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Cardiovascular derangements during sepsis may arise from a mismatch between endothelin (ET) and nitric oxide (NO). We hypothesized that progression of chronic peritoneal sepsis would affect cardiac performance and would modulate the concentrations of NO and ET in the heart and plasma. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (340-390 g) were catheterized and made septic(More)
BACKGROUND To identify vascular beds where endogenous adenosine plays a significant role as a mediator of resting perfusion alterations associated with sepsis, we tested the hypothesis that adenosine receptor blockade would cause differential regional increases in vascular resistance during intraperitoneal (ip) sepsis in the rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) has been documented clinically following several pathological states such as trauma, septic shock and pneumonia. The histopathological characteristics, paired with the production of a number of cellular pro-inflammatory mediators, play a crucial role in the progression of ALI. During ALI, polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN)-mediated(More)
Chronic peritoneal sepsis in a rodent model produces myocardial dysfunction characterized by decreased rates of ventricular contraction and relaxation in the isolated heart preparation. However, it remains controversial whether the ventricular contractility is altered during sepsis. In the present study, we determined the effect of chronic peritoneal sepsis(More)
Diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb) is a hemoglobin-based therapeutic agent that produces significant cardiovascular effects, possibly due to its actions on vasoactive substances, such as endothelin (ET) and nitric oxide (NO). We have studied the modulation of cardiovascular effects of DCLHb by an NO synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl(More)
(1) Increased oxidative stress plays a significant role in the etiology of cardiovascular disease. Lipid peroxidation, initiated in the presence of hydroxy radicals resulting in the production of malondialdehyde, directly produces oxidative stress. This study was designed to examine the direct impact of malondialdehyde on ventricular contractile function at(More)
The influence of sepsis on male reproductive function in chronic animal models has not been extensively investigated. On the basis of earlier clinical studies, it was hypothesized that chronic intraperitoneal (i.p.) sepsis in rats would modulate the circulating levels of steroid reproductive hormones. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (300-375 g) were randomized to(More)
Endotoxemia and sepsis often result in circulatory derangements which manifest as perfusion maldistributions. It has been widely accepted that the splanchnic circulation decreases in perfusion during advanced septic or endotoxemic states. Impaired perfusion of splanchnic organs may result not only in organ dysfunction but also exacerbations of polymicrobial(More)
We hypothesized that progressive decline in myocardial performance would correlate with upregulation of markers for apoptotic mechanisms following increased duration of polymicrobial sepsis in the rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (350-400 g) were randomized into sham, 1-, 3- and 7-day sepsis groups. Each septic rat received 200 mg/kg cecal inoculum(More)
In the present study, we hypothesized that endotoxemia produces metalloendopeptidase (MEPD)-dependent generation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and alters NOS expression correlating with p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation in thoracic aorta. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (350-400 g) were subjected to two groups randomly; sham-treated (N = 10) and(More)