Avadhesh C. Sharma

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Cardiovascular derangements during sepsis may arise from a mismatch between endothelin (ET) and nitric oxide (NO). We hypothesized that progression of chronic peritoneal sepsis would affect cardiac performance and would modulate the concentrations of NO and ET in the heart and plasma. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (340-390 g) were catheterized and made septic(More)
Antianxiety effect of noncompetitive NMDA receptor antagonist MK 801 was investigated on elevated plus-maze paradigm in rats. Interactional effects of MK 801 with the specific anxiolytic agent, diazepam; the anxiogenic beta-carboline agent, FG-7142 and the central BZ receptor antagonist Ro 15-1788 were explored. MK 801 (0.025-0.1 mg/kg) produced anxiolytic(More)
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the cardiovascular actions of diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb) was studied in anesthetized rats. The regional circulatory and systemic hemodynamic effects of DCLHb (400 mg/kg iv) were studied using a radioactive microsphere technique in control (untreated) and L-arginine (a NO precursor) pretreated rats. DCLHb(More)
Acute lung injury (ALI) has been documented clinically following several pathological states such as trauma, septic shock and pneumonia. The histopathological characteristics, paired with the production of a number of cellular pro-inflammatory mediators, play a crucial role in the progression of ALI. During ALI, polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN)-mediated(More)
BACKGROUND In the present study we tested the hypothesis that progression of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes (14-days to 28-days) would produce renal and vascular dysfunction that correlate with altered p38- mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) phosphorylation in kidneys and thoracic aorta. METHODS Male Sprague Dawley rats (350-400 g) were(More)
We hypothesized that progressive decline in myocardial performance would correlate with upregulation of markers for apoptotic mechanisms following increased duration of polymicrobial sepsis in the rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (350-400 g) were randomized into sham, 1-, 3- and 7-day sepsis groups. Each septic rat received 200 mg/kg cecal inoculum(More)
BACKGROUND To identify vascular beds where endogenous adenosine plays a significant role as a mediator of resting perfusion alterations associated with sepsis, we tested the hypothesis that adenosine receptor blockade would cause differential regional increases in vascular resistance during intraperitoneal (ip) sepsis in the rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Opioid receptor antagonists can act centrally and peripherally. It is unclear if these 2 pathways differentially mediate the perfusion-associated effects of opioid antagonism during endotoxemia. Male, Sprague-Dawley rats (340-390 g) were surgically prepared with left ventricular, tail artery, and jugular vein catheters 24 h before experiments were begun.(More)
The influence of sepsis on male reproductive function in chronic animal models has not been extensively investigated. On the basis of earlier clinical studies, it was hypothesized that chronic intraperitoneal (i.p.) sepsis in rats would modulate the circulating levels of steroid reproductive hormones. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (300-375 g) were randomized to(More)