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It has been proposed that the underlying epileptic process is mediated by changes in both excitatory and inhibitory circuits leading to the formation of hyper-excitable seizure networks. In this review we aim to shed light on the many physiological factors that modulate excitability within these networks. These factors have been discussed extensively in(More)
Given the recent availability of novel biologic agents for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the Hong Kong Society of Rheumatology has developed consensus recommendations on the management of RA, which aim at providing guidance to local physicians on appropriate, literature-based management of this condition, specifically on the indications and(More)
Phonation and swallowing involve similar group of laryngeal and neck muscles. This study investigated the muscle activities of the suprahyoid (digastric, mylohyoid, geniohyoid and stylohyoid) and infrahyoid (thyrohyoid) muscles during phonation and swallowing using surface electromyography (sEMG). Fifteen non-dysphonic and six dysphonic subjects with(More)
OBJECTIVE Minimally-invasive approaches are needed for long-term reliable Electroencephalography (EEG) recordings to assist with epilepsy diagnosis, investigation and more naturalistic monitoring. This study compared three methods for long-term implantation of sub-scalp EEG electrodes. METHODS Three types of electrodes (disk, ring, and peg) were(More)
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