Author Kameda

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Bone metabolism consists of osteoblast-mediated bone formation coupled to osteoclastic resorption of bone. Osteoclastic bone resorption plays an important role in normal skeletal development and the maintenance of its integrity throughout life. Although osteoclastic activity is thought to be under the control of feedback regulation by extracellular cations,(More)
Inorganic polyphosphate [poly(P)] levels in Escherichia coli were reduced to barely detectable concentrations by expression of the plasmid-borne gene for a potent yeast exopolyphosphatase [poly(P)ase]. As a consequence, resistance to H2O2 was greatly diminished, particularly in katG (catalase HPI) mutants, implying a major role for the other catalase, the(More)
We have cloned and sequenced a gene encoding polyphosphate kinase (PPK) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. The gene immediately follows the hemB gene encoding porphobilinogen synthase responsible for heme synthesis. The predicted amino acid sequence of P. aeruginosa PPK is similar to those of PPKs previously characterized except that it possesses an extra(More)
In contrast to vitamin K1(VK1), vitamin K2(VK2) inhibited osteoclastic bone resorption by unfractionated bone cells and isolated osteoclasts. To investigate the mechanism of inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption by VK2, we examined the effect of this vitamin on osteoclast apoptosis using a DNA-binding fluorescent dye, Hoechst 33258. In unfractionated(More)
Polyphosphate-AMP phosphotransferase (PAP) and polyphosphate kinase (PPK) were used for designing a novel ATP regeneration system, named the PAP-PPK ATP regeneration system. PAP is an enzyme that catalyzes the phospho-conversion of AMP to ADP, and PPK catalyzes ATP formation from ADP. Both enzymes use inorganic polyphosphate [poly(P)] as a phosphate donor.(More)
A complete cDNA copy of the genome of the attenuated type 1 poliovirus vaccine (Sabin 1) strain was constructed and inserted into the EcoRI site of the plasmid pBR325. When cultured mammalian cells were transfected with this recombinant plasmid, 20 to 50 poliovirus plaques per 10 micrograms plasmid DNA were observed. Fingerprints of the RNA of the recovered(More)
Seven different recombinant viruses from the virulent Mahoney and the attenuated Sabin parental strains of type 1 poliovirus were constructed in vitro by using infectious cDNA clones. Monkey neurovirulence tests (lesion score, spread value, and incidence of paralysis) using these recombinant viruses revealed that the loci influencing attenuation were spread(More)
Infectious cDNA corresponding to the entire genome of the attenuated Sabin strain of type 1 poliovirus has been inserted into EcoRI site of bacterial plasmid pBR325. Two consecutive PstI fragments (nucleotide positions 1814 to 3421) of the infectious cDNA of the Sabin 1 strain were replaced by the corresponding DNA fragments prepared from an infectious DNA(More)
In Pseudomonas aeriginosa, a gene, ppx, that encodes exopolyphosphatase [exopoly(P)ase; EC 3.6.1.11] of 506 amino acids (56,419 Da) was found downstream of the gene for polyphosphate kinase, ppk. Since ppx is located in the opposite direction of the ppk gene, they do not constitute an operon. The predicted amino acid sequence of PPX is 41% identical with(More)
The C-type natriuretic peptide (10(-7) M) and atrial natriuretic peptide (10(-7) M) enhanced cGMP accumulation by 418 and 83 times the control value, respectively, in osteoblast-like MC3T3-E1 cells. The natriuretic peptide B receptor was assumed to be the major natriuretic peptide receptor. 8-Bromoguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-Br-cGMP) activated(More)