Austin Peters

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BACKGROUND Antifibrinolytics can reduce intraoperative blood loss. The primary aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of intraoperative tranexamic acid, epsilon-aminocaproic acid, and placebo at reducing perioperative blood loss and the transfusion rate in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis undergoing posterior spinal arthrodesis. (More)
Mu rhythm is an idling rhythm that originates in the sensorimotor cortex during rest. The frequency of mu rhythm, which is well established in adults, is 8-12 Hz, whereas the limited results available from children suggest a frequency as low as 5.4 Hz at 6 months of age, which gradually increases to the adult value. Understanding the normal development of(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Ethnic disparities have been documented in the incidence and treatment of many diseases. Additionally, race and socioeconomic status (SES) have been shown to affect disease severity and access to care in the recent orthopedic literature. PURPOSE To assess the role, if any, that race, SES, and health insurance type play in disease(More)
BACKGROUND Spine procedures continue to increase significantly. As such, a more precise understanding of the anatomy, especially the pars interarticularis (PI) is critical. Current data characterizing the PI level-by-level is lacking. This study analyzed the average PI width at each level of the lumbar spine in order to elucidate statistically significant(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine the cost/quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) of the operative treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis and identify factors associated with cost-effectiveness at 2 years. METHODS We evaluated patients who underwent surgery for spondylolisthesis. The QALY was determined from the EQ5D. Outcomes were also(More)
BACKGROUND Pre-donation of autologous blood prior to spine fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has been used in deformity surgery. The effect of pre-donation on pre-operative hematocrit (Hct) remains debated. Multiple factors may influence pre-operative Hct including intravascular volume status, patient factors, and timing of pre-operative(More)
SCOPE The reported ability to modulate the production of the wild-type transcript in cells bearing the splice-altering familial dysautonomia (FD)-causing mutation in the IKBKAP gene prompted an evaluation of the impact of commonly consumed nutraceuticals on the splicing of this transcript. METHODS AND RESULTS Screening efforts revealed the ability of the(More)
Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a new questionnaire to assess outcomes related to the midline anterior lumbar approach and to identify risk factors for negative patient responses. Methods. A retrospective review of 58 patients who underwent anterior lumbar surgery at a single institution for either degenerative disc disease or(More)
STUDY DESIGN This is a prospective, randomized, double-blinded comparison of tranexamic acid (TXA), epsilon aminocaproic acid (EACA), and placebo used intraoperatively in patients with adult spinal deformity. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to provide high-quality evidence regarding the comparative efficacies of TXA, EACA, and placebo in reducing(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the outcome and cost-effectiveness of various forms of preoperative endometrial preparation prior to hysteroscopic endometrial destruction for abnormal uterine bleeding. METHODS This was a multicenter, prospective, comparative, randomized study conducted in a tertiary care hospital in Cairo, Egypt and 2 academic tertiary care teaching(More)
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