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Novel oral regimens composed of new drugs with potent activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and no cross-resistance with existing agents are needed to shorten and simplify treatment for both drug-susceptible and drug-resistant tuberculosis. As part of a continuing effort to evaluate novel drug combinations for treatment-shortening potential in a(More)
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) was achieved by ligating the artery and vein supplying one uterine horn in pregnant rats on the 5th day before delivery. At birth, the weight of the whole body and of the forebrain (but not that of the brain stem of about half of offspring) were significantly lower than those of normal controls. This deficit persisted(More)
New regimens based on two or more novel agents are sought in order to shorten or simplify the treatment of both drug-susceptible and drug-resistant forms of tuberculosis. PA-824 is a nitroimidazo-oxazine now in phase II trials and has shown significant early bactericidal activity alone and in combination with the newly approved agent bedaquiline or with(More)
RATIONALE High-dose levofloxacin (L) (1,000 mg) was as active as moxifloxacin (M) (400 mg) in an early bactericidal activity trial, suggesting these fluoroquinolones could be used interchangeably. Whether pyrazinamide (Z) contributes sterilizing activity beyond the first 2 months in fluoroquinolone-containing second-line regimens remains unknown. (More)
Free bilirubin (FB) and total bilirubin (TB) were determined in 154 samples of blood taken from 112 jaundiced newborns: 51 prematures without hemolysis (19 of these with RDS); 26 full terms presenting ABO incompatibility; 35 newborns (both prematures and full terms) presenting rhesus incompatibility. Kernicterus was observed in seven cases and only three(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Pyrazinamide is an essential component of first line anti-tuberculosis regimen as well as most of the second line regimens. This drug has a unique sterilizing activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Its unique role in tuberculosis treatment has lead to the search and development of its structural analogues. One such analogue is(More)