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Eight triphenylmethane dyes (malachite green, leucomalachite green, gentian violet, leucogentian violet, brilliant green, pentamethyl gentian violet, N',N'-tetramethyl gentian violet and N',N"-tetramethyl gentian violet) have been characterized by particle beam liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The electron ionization spectra obtained of these dyes(More)
A gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric (GC/MS) method was developed to confirm the presence of leucomalachite green (LMG), a metabolite of the triphenylmethane dye malachite green (MG), in catfish tissue. Residues were isolated according to a previously described liquid chromatographic (LC)/VIS spectrometric analysis of MG and LMG in fish. In our(More)
A new method based on solid phase dispersion of tissue for the subsequent isolation of drugs is reported. By blending tissues with a polymeric phase bound to a solid support one obtains a semi-dry material which can be used as a column packing material from which one can isolate drugs in a stepwise fashion based on the solubility characteristics of the(More)
Stomata1 closure during yriods of moisture deficiency should theoretically lead to elevated C/12C ratios as reduction of available C02 leads to diminished photosynthetic discrimination against 13c in favor of 12C. Stable-carbon isotope ratio chronologies developed from 5-yr tree-ring groups at 17 sites in six southwestern states were tested for a drought(More)
A multiresidue method for isolation and liquid chromatographic determination of 5 benzimidazole anthelmintics (thiabendazole, oxfendazole, mebendazole, albendazole, and fenbendazole) in beef liver tissue is presented. Blank or benzimidazole-fortified liver samples (0.5 g) were blended with octadecylsilyl derivatized silica packing material (C18, 18% load,(More)
A liquid chromatographic (LC) method was developed for the determination of flunixin (FNX) in raw bovine milk. The milk was acidified and mixed with silica gel, and the mixture was packed into a chromatographic column. The column was defatted with water-saturated dichloromethane-hexane (30 + 70, v/v), and the analyte was eluted with EtOAc. The EtOAc extract(More)
An interlaboratory study of a gas chromatographic method for determining chloramphenicol (CAP) residues in shrimp was conducted. An internal standard (Istd), the meta isomer of CAP, was added to the shrimp, and the treated shrimp were homogenized with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate extract was defatted with hexane, and the CAP was partitioned into ethyl(More)
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A liquid chromatographic method for vitamin K1 in milk-based infant formula is described. The vitamins are extracted from infant formula by matrix solid-phase dispersion and quantitated by reversed-phase chromatography with fluorescence detection. Vitamin K1 is converted to the fluorescent hydroquinone with a postcolumn zinc reductive reactor. The limit of(More)
A multiresidue technique is presented for the extraction and quantitative gas chromatographic screening of 9 insecticides (lindane, heptachlor, aldrin, heptachlor epoxide, p,p'-DDE, dieldrin, endrin, p,p'-TDE, and p,p'-DDT) as residues in beef fat. Beef fat was fortified by adding the 9 insecticides, plus dibutyl chlorendate as internal standard, to 0.5 g(More)