Austin J Reeve

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Inflammatory processes occurring within the central nervous system (CNS) can produce 'illness induced behaviours' which include fever, sleep and the development of allodynia and hyperalgesia. Here we demonstrate the effects of the pro-inflammatory mediators, bacterial endotoxin, and rat recombinant interleukin 1 beta (rrIL-1 beta) or tumour necrosis(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5 receptor) is expressed in the cell bodies of rat primary afferent neurones. We have further investigated the function and expression of mGlu5 receptors in primary afferent neurones, and their role in inflammatory nociception. Freund's complete adjuvant-induced(More)
1. The 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor binding selectivity profile of a novel, potent 5-HT1D receptor agonist, L-694,247 (2-[5-[3-(4-methylsulphonylamino)benzyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl ]- 1H-indole-3-yl]ethylamine) was assessed and compared with that of the 5-HT1-like receptor agonist, sumatriptan. 2. L-694,247 had an affinity (pIC50) of 10.03 at the(More)
Nonselective inverse agonists at the gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA-A) benzodiazepine binding site have cognition-enhancing effects in animals but are anxiogenic and can precipitate convulsions. Herein, we describe novel GABA-A alpha5 subtype inverse agonists leading to the identification of 16 as an orally active, functionally selective compound that(More)
The identification of a novel series of 7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-(7,10-ethano)-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazines as GABA(A)alpha5 inverse agonists, which have both binding and functional (efficacy) selectivity for the benzodiazepine binding site of alpha5- over alpha1-, alpha2-, and alpha3-containing GABA(A) receptor subtypes, is described. Binding selectivity(More)
1. We describe here the effects of intrathecal selective adenosine receptor agonists on acute and more persistent evoked responses of dorsal horn nociceptive neurones recorded in intact rats anaesthetized with halothane. 2. The effects of the A1 receptor agonist, N6-cyclopentyladenosine and the non-selective agonist 2-chloroadenosine as well as the A2a(More)
Single-unit recordings were made in the intact anesthetized rat of the responses of dorsal horn neurons to C-, Adelta-, and Abeta-fiber stimulation. The postdischarge and windup responses of the same cells along with responses to innocuous stimuli, prod and brush, also were measured. The effects of (-)-bicuculline-methobromide (0.5, 5, 50, and 250 microg)(More)
The effects of intrathecal galanin on the activity of single wide dynamic range (WDR) spinal dorsal horn neurones were analyzed in anaesthetized adult rats. Abeta-, Adelta- and C-fibres were activated by transcutaneous electrical stimulation which also induced wind-up and post-discharge. Galanin dose-dependently (0. 15-15 nmol/50 microl) enhanced Adelta-and(More)
In pursuit of a GABA(A) alpha5-subtype-selective inverse agonist to enhance cognition, a series of 6,7-dihydro-2-benzothiophen-4(5H)-ones has been identified as a novel class of GABA(A) receptor ligands. These thiophenes have higher binding affinity for the GABA(A) alpha5 receptor subtype compared to the GABA(A) alpha1, alpha2, and alpha3 subtypes, and(More)