Austin B. Yongye

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A new derivation of the GLYCAM06 force field, which removes its previous specificity for carbohydrates, and its dependency on the AMBER force field and parameters, is presented. All pertinent force field terms have been explicitly specified and so no default or generic parameters are employed. The new GLYCAM is no longer limited to any particular class of(More)
GLYCAM06 is a generalisable biomolecular force field that is extendible to diverse molecular classes in the spirit of a small-molecule force field. Here we report parameters for lipids, lipid bilayers and glycolipids for use with GLYCAM06. Only three lipid-specific atom types have been introduced, in keeping with the general philosophy of transferable(More)
Dual and triple activity-difference (DAD/TAD) maps are tools for the systematic characterization of structure-activity relationships (SAR) of compound data sets screened against two or three targets. DAD and TAD maps are two- and three- dimensional representations of the pairwise activity differences of compound data sets, respectively. Adding pairwise(More)
We present a general approach to describe the structure-activity relationships (SAR) of combinatorial data sets with activity for two biological endpoints with emphasis on the rapid identification of substitutions that have a large impact on activity and selectivity. The approach uses dual-activity difference (DAD) maps that represent a visual and(More)
Natural products represent important sources of bioactive compounds in drug discovery efforts. In this work, we compiled five natural products databases available in the public domain and performed a comprehensive chemoinformatic analysis focused on the content and diversity of the scaffolds with an overview of the diversity based on molecular fingerprints.(More)
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and molecular modeling methods have been strategically combined to elucidate the molecular recognition features of the binding of threonine O-linked Thomsen-Friedenreich (TF) antigen to chimera-type avian galectin-3 (CG-3). Saturation transfer difference (STD) NMR experiments revealed the highest intensities for(More)
A promising method for the synthesis of cyclic peptides through the direct aminolysis of peptide thioesters is presented. The cyclization step was carried out in a mixture of acetonitrile and 1.5 M aqueous imidazole solution with no observable oligomers. Studies on the N- and C-terminal residues show that the choice of C-terminal residue has a more(More)
Opioid receptors are important targets for pain management. Here, we report the synthesis and biological evaluation of three positional scanning combinatorial libraries, consisting of linear triamines and piperazines. A highly potent (14 nM) and selective (IC(50(mu))/IC(50(kappa))=71; IC(50(delta))/IC(50(kappa))=714) triamine for the kappa-opioid receptor(More)
Traditionally, activity landscape modeling has been focused on analyzing SAR, despite the fact that lead optimization in drug discovery involves concurrent enhancements of activity and ADMET properties of leads. As a case study, we discuss the systematic analysis of activity landscapes, incorporating ADMET considerations, using a dataset of 166 compounds(More)
β-Sheet antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are well recognized as promising candidates for the treatment of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections. To dissociate antimicrobial activity and hemolytic effect of β-sheet AMPs, we hypothesize that N-methylation of the intramolecular hydrogen bond(s)-forming amides could improve their specificities for microbial(More)