Aurora O'brate

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The regulation of p53 functions is tightly controlled through several mechanisms including p53 transcription and translation, protein stability, post-translational modifications, and subcellular localization. Despite intensive study of p53, the regulation of p53 subcellular localization although important for its function is still poorly understood. The(More)
The interactions of epothilone analogs with the paclitaxel binding site of microtubules were studied. The influence of chemical modifications in the C15 side chain and in C12 on binding affinity and microtubule elongation was characterized. Modifications favorable for binding affinity are (1). a thiomethyl group at C21 of the thiazole side chain, (2). a(More)
The tumor suppressor protein p53 localizes to microtubules (MT) and, in response to DNA damage, is transported to the nucleus via the MT minus-end-directed motor protein dynein. Dynein is also responsible for MT-mediated nuclear targeting of adenovirus type 2 (Ad2). Here we show that treatment with low concentrations of MT-targeting compounds (MTCs) that do(More)
Laulimalide is a cytotoxic natural product that stabilizes microtubules. The compound enhances tubulin assembly, and laulimalide is quantitatively comparable to paclitaxel in its effects on the reaction. Laulimalide is also active in P-glycoprotein overexpressing cells, while isolaulimalide, a congener without the drug's epoxide moiety, was reported to have(More)
Peloruside A and laulimalide are potent microtubule-stabilizing natural products with a mechanism of action similar to that of paclitaxel. However, the binding site of peloruside A and laulimalide on tubulin remains poorly understood. Drug resistance in anticancer treatment is a serious problem. We developed peloruside A- and laulimalide-resistant cell(More)
The combination of farnesyltransferase inhibitors (FTIs) and taxanes has been shown to result in potent antiproliferative and antimitotic synergy. Recent phase I and II clinical trials have shown that this combination shows clinical activity in taxane-refractory or taxane-resistant cancer patients. To understand the mechanism behind these clinical(More)
Taxol is one of the most successful drugs for the treatment of cancer because of its ability to target tubulin, block cell cycle progression at mitosis, and induce apoptosis. Despite the success of Taxol, the development of drug resistance hampers its clinical applicability. Herein we report that beta-tubulin mutant, Taxol-resistant ovarian cancer cells(More)
Farnesyl transferase (FT) inhibitors (FTI) are anticancer agents developed to target oncogenic Ras proteins by inhibiting Ras farnesylation. FTIs potently synergize with paclitaxel and other microtubule-stabilizing drugs; however, the mechanistic basis underlying this synergistic interaction remains elusive. Here we show that the FTI lonafarnib affects the(More)
Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of several domains of the thiopeptide antibiotic thiostrepton led to the discovery of a biologically active fragment. The biological properties of this novel small organic molecule include antibiotic activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis(More)
Disruption of the microtubule cytoskeleton impairs tumor angiogenesis by inhibiting the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) pathway. However, the signaling cascade linking microtubule disruption to HIF-1α inactivation has not been elucidated. Here, we show that microtubule-targeting drug (MTD) treatment impaired HIF-1α protein nuclear translocation, which(More)