Learn More
The randomized controlled trial (RCT) is considered to be the "gold standard" for providing evidence on drug efficacy. However, particularly for answering long-term questions in chronic diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), RCTs are often not feasible because of their size, duration, ethical constraints and costs. Data derived from observational studies(More)
This independent, population-based surveillance study monitored the efficacy and safety of interferon beta (IFNbeta) products in 1033 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) from 15 centres in Italy. Relapses, Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scores, and adverse events were evaluated for up to 24 months. Data of patients with a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the impact of interferon-beta (IFNbeta) on disease progression in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients. METHODS A cohort of 1,504 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (1,103 IFNbeta-treated and 401 untreated) patients was followed for up to 7 years. Cox proportional hazards regression adjusted for propensity score(More)
We evaluated the risk of worsening according to the length of exposure to interferon beta (IFNbeta) in a large cohort of 2090 multiple sclerosis patients collected by the Italian MS Database Network. Overall 44,140 patient-visits with a follow-up of 22,143 patient-years were evaluated. Forty-one per cent of patients were exposed to IFNbeta for up to 2(More)
BACKGROUND There are a few and conflicting results from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) pertaining to the influence of gender in response to currently used disease modifying drugs in Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Observational studies may be especially valuable for answering effectiveness questions in subgroups not studied in RCTs. OBJECTIVE To conduct a(More)
There is evidence that inflammatory processes in multiple sclerosis (MS) are age-dependent. In this study we evaluated the impact of aging on gadolinium (Gd) enhancement of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions in MS patients. Pre- and post-contrast MRI scans, acquired using a standardized procedure by the same MRI scanner, at least 1 month far(More)
The Multiple Sclerosis Database Network (MSDN) is the first Italian multiple sclerosis (MS) registry. The preliminary results on the MSDN cohort demonstrated that the risk of disability progression, in a sample of 2090 MS patients, was reduced by about four- to five-fold in patients exposed to IFNβ for more than 4 years compared with patients exposed for up(More)
Rituximab (RTX) efficacy in NMO is suggested by several case series. No consensus exists on optimal dosing strategies. At present the treatment schedules more frequently used are 375 mg/m2/week iv for 4 weeks (RTX-A) and 1000 mg iv twice, 2 weeks apart (RTX-B). Aim of this study is to confirm RTX efficacy and safety in the treatment of NMO and to evaluate(More)
AIM To propose a simple tool for early prediction of unfavourable long term evolution of multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS A Bayesian model allowed us to calculate, within the first year of disease and for each patient, the Bayesian Risk Estimate for MS (BREMS) score that represents the risk of reaching secondary progression (SP). RESULTS The median(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent findings support greater efficacy of early vs. delayed interferon beta (IFNbeta) treatment in patients with a first clinical event suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of early IFNbeta treatment in definite relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and to assess the optimal time to initiate IFNbeta treatment(More)