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UNLABELLED Patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) exhibit elevated left ventricular outflow tract gradients (LVOTGs) and appear to have a worse prognosis than those with nonobstructive HCM. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether patients with obstruction, compared with nonobstructive HCM, demonstrate significant differences in(More)
BACKGROUND Presence of delayed enhancement (DE) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is associated with worse clinical outcomes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We investigated the relationship between DE on CMR and myocardial ischemia in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. METHODS AND RESULTS Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients (n=47) underwent CMR for(More)
AIMS Several mutations in the ventricular myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) were identified to cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC). Based on our previous cellular findings showing delayed calcium transients in electrically stimulated intact papillary muscle fibres from transgenic Tg-R58Q and Tg-N47K mice and, in addition, prolonged force(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiosphere-derived stem cell (CDC) transplantation can improve global left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this study was to examine the effects of CDC transplantation on regional function and dyssynchrony after MI. METHODS Two million rat CDCs (n = 7) or phosphate-buffered saline (n = 7) was(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to examine the utility of two-dimensional strain (2DS) or speckle tracking imaging to typify functional adaptations of the left ventricle in variant forms of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Urban tertiary care academic medical centres. PARTICIPANTS A total of 129 subjects, 56(More)
A lethal and extensively characterized familial form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) is due to a point mutation (Arg403Gln) in the cardiac β-myosin heavy chain gene. Although this is associated with abnormal energy metabolism and progression to heart failure in an animal model, in vivo cardiac energetics have not been characterized in patients with this(More)
OBJECTIVES To quantify resting myocardial blood flow (MBF) in the left ventricular (LV) wall of HCM patients and to determine the relationship to important parameters of disease: LV wall thickness, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), T2-signal abnormalities (dark and bright signal), LV outflow tract obstruction and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy(More)
Dipyridamole is the most common vasodilator used with positron emission tomography for the evaluation of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether positron emission tomographic quantification of regional myocardial perfusion (rMP), myocardial blood flow (MBF), and coronary flow reserve are comparable(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective was to analyze the diagnostic value of the echocardiographic methods used for quantification of mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) or rheumatic heart disease (RHD). METHODS The study included 50 patients with MR (mean age of 46.1 years; 35 women), 27 (54%) with RHD and 23 (46%) with MVP.(More)