Learn More
Large fractions of the human population do not express GSTM1 and GSTT1 (GSTM1/T1) enzymes because of deletions in these genes. These variations affect xenobiotic metabolism and have been evaluated in relation to lung cancer risk, mostly based on null/present gene models. We measured GSTM1/T1 heterozygous deletions, not tested in genome-wide association(More)
The molecular changes responsible for inducing neuronal apoptosis are unknown. Rat cortical neurons were treated with x-irradiation 7 d after isolation to test for the role of DNA damage in neuronal death. The response of neurons to x-irradiation was compared with that of astrocytes that had been isolated 3 weeks earlier from newborn rats. At the time of(More)
The etiologic contribution of germline genetic variation to sporadic osteosarcoma is not well understood. Osteosarcoma is a sentinel cancer of Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), in which approximately 70% of families meeting the classic criteria have germline TP53 mutations. We sequenced TP53 exons in 765 osteosarcoma cases. Data were analyzed with χ(2) tests,(More)
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a pediatric myeloproliferative neoplasm that arises from malignant transformation of the stem cell compartment and results in increased production of myeloid cells. Somatic and germline variants in CBL (Casitas B-lineage lymphoma proto-oncogene) have been associated with JMML. We report an incompletely penetrant(More)
UNLABELLED Metastasis is the leading cause of death in patients with osteosarcoma, the most common pediatric bone malignancy. We conducted a multistage genome-wide association study of osteosarcoma metastasis at diagnosis in 935 osteosarcoma patients to determine whether germline genetic variation contributes to risk of metastasis. We identified an SNP,(More)
Neuropilin-1 (Nrp1) was recently described as a novel receptor for the pro-angiogenic molecule vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), indicating a role in tumor angiogenesis and tumor progression. Recent data confirm this assumption by demonstrating that some tumor and endothelial cells express Nrp1. Therefore, we wanted to investigate the potential(More)
The risk of pancreatic cancer (PC) is increased in melanoma-prone families but the causal relationship between germline CDKN2A mutations and PC risk is uncertain, suggesting the existence of non-CDKN2A factors. One genetic possibility involves patients having mutations in multiple high-risk PC-related genes; however, no systematic examination has yet been(More)
Germline inactivating mutations of isoform 4 of phosphodiesterase (PDE) 11A (coded by the PDE11A gene) have been associated with familial adrenocortical tumors and familial testicular cancer. Testicular tissue is unique in expressing all four isoforms of PDE11A. In a prior candidate gene study of 94 familial testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) subjects, we(More)
The effect of the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) on the C3 and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) receptors in various human lymphoblastoid cells was investigated with the use of the erythrocyte-antibody-complement (EAC) rosette formation method and a quantitative bioassay for EBV receptors. TPA caused a significant decrease of C3 receptors(More)