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The functional organization of the perisylvian language network was examined using a functional MRI (fMRI) adaptation paradigm with spoken sentences. In Experiment 1, a given sentence was presented every 14.4 s and repeated two, three, or four times in a row. The study of the temporal properties of the BOLD response revealed a temporal gradient along the(More)
During long and monotonous driving at night, most drivers progressively show signs of visual fatigue and loss of vigilance. Their capacity to maintain adequate driving performance usually is affected and varies with the age of the driver. The main question is to know, on one hand, if occurrence of fatigue and drowsiness is accompanied by a modification in(More)
The possible influence of occuring external events on driver attention and vigilance level was assessed during a prolonged simulated driving task. Special attention was given to the duration of the task, as well as to the influence of time of day and of individual factors. Thirty six subjects drove for two hours. Blinking activity and eye movements(More)
Current mental state monitoring systems, a.k.a. passive brain-computer interfaces (pBCI), allow one to perform a real-time assessment of an operator's cognitive state. In EEG-based systems, typical measurements for workload level assessment are band power estimates in several frequency bands. Mental fatigue, arising from growing time-on-task (TOT), can(More)
OBJECTIVE Mental workload is frequently estimated by EEG-based mental state monitoring systems. Usually, these systems use spectral markers and event-related potentials (ERPs). To our knowledge, no study has directly compared their performance for mental workload assessment, nor evaluated the stability in time of these markers and of the performance of the(More)
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