Aurélien Sollaud

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This document lists the different mechanisms that enable applications using the Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) and the RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) to keep their RTP Network Address Translator (NAT) mappings alive. It also makes a recommendation for a preferred mechanism. This document is not applicable to Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE)(More)
Networks are getting more and more heterogeneous. Scalable codecs are especially suited for such a context as they permit the bitrate to be lowered in a simple way, at any point of the transmission, for adaptation to network conditions and to terminal capacities. Classically, scalable codecs are organised in layers and scalability is obtained by sending(More)
Endpoints or conference servers of current audio-conferencing solutions use all the audio frames they receive in order to mix them into one final aggregate stream. However, at each time-instant, some of this content may not be audible due to auditory masking. Hence, sending corresponding frames through the network leads to a loss of bandwidth, while(More)
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