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BACKGROUND The problem of low female literacy rates in Africa starts with low primary school enrollment, particularly in areas of high food insecurity. The provision of food in, and through, schools is considered to be one way of enrolling more girls in school, keeping them enrolled, and enhancing their adult well-being and productivity as a result. (More)
OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of the status of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of school feeding across sub-Saharan Africa and to reflect on the experience on strengthening M&E systems to influence policy making in low-income countries. DESIGN Literature review on the M&E of school feeding programmes as well as data from World Food Programme surveys.(More)
BACKGROUND Providing food through schools has well documented effects in terms of the education, health and nutrition of school children. However, there is limited evidence in terms of the benefits of providing a reliable market for small-holder farmers through "home-grown" school feeding approaches. This study aims to evaluate the impact of school feeding(More)
BACKGROUND School feeding programs are ubiquitous. Benchmarking expenditures for school feeding is an important component of program accountability and sustainability. OBJECTIVE To analyze the costs of school feeding and the cost relative to education expenditure and other measures of economic growth. METHODS Data on the costs of school feeding were(More)
BACKGROUND The provision of food in and through schools has been used to support the education, health, and nutrition of school-aged children. The monitoring of financial inputs into school health and nutrition programs is critical for a number of reasons, including accountability, transparency, and equity. Furthermore, there is a gap in the evidence on the(More)
BACKGROUND School-feeding programs are popular development assistance programs in developing countries but have previously had few sound, empirical analyses of their effectiveness and costs. OBJECTIVE The goals of this study were to provide a realistic estimate of the costs of school feeding and combine these estimates with outcome information to obtain(More)
BACKGROUND School feeding is a popular intervention that has been used to support the education, health and nutrition of school children. Although the benefits of school feeding are well documented, the evidence on the costs of such programs is remarkably thin. OBJECTIVE Address the need for systematic estimates of the cost of different school feeding(More)
Additional contributions were made by Fiorella Ceruti, Gyorgy Dallos and Carsten Gerhardt. Extensive and invaluable advice and support were provided by Lutz Goedde and Tjada D'Oyen from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Additional support was provided by the WFP external donor relations team, Monica Marshall and Natalie Vaupel. The authors also wish to(More)
BACKGROUND School feeding programs have been a key response to the recent food and economic crises and function to some degree in nearly every country in the world. However, school feeding programs are complex and exhibit different, context-specific models or configurations. OBJECTIVE To examine the trade-offs, including the costs and cost-efficiency, of(More)