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Variant Alzheimer's disease (VarAD) with spastic paraparesis and presenile dementia is associated with certain mutations of the presenilin 1 (PS-1) gene, particularly those leading to deletion of exon 9 (PS-1Delta E9). VarAD is neuropathologically characterized by the presence of unusually large, Abeta42 positive, non-cored 'cotton wool' plaques (CWPs),(More)
We describe 3 new families affected by Alzheimer's disease with spastic paraparesis. In affected individuals, including the earliest known patient with this clinical syndrome, neuropathological examination revealed large "cotton wool" plaques similar to those we have previously described in a Finnish family. In the families in which DNA was available,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of the epsilon 4 allele on cognitive decline in the oldest old. METHODS We studied all 601 citizens of the city of Vantaa age 85 years and older in 1991. A total of 553 subjects (92%) took part in the study, which used the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and assessment of dementia according to the Diagnostic and(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the clinical, neuroimaging, and electrophysiologic characteristics of a variant AD phenotype. BACKGROUND The authors have identified a large Finnish kindred with presenile dementia and spastic paraparesis due to deletion of exon 9 of presenilin 1. Neuropathologic analysis showed unusual cortical "cotton wool" plaques, immunoreactive(More)
Recently, two studies have reported an association between the alpha2-macroglobulin gene on chromosome 12 and late-onset Alzheimer's disease, whereas others have not been able to replicate these findings. By using a prospective population-based study, we have investigated the relation between two polymorphisms in this gene with the presence of the disease(More)
Mutations in the presenilin-1 (PS-1) gene have been shown to cause early onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) in an autosomal dominant manner. We have identified a novel 4.6-kb genomic deletion in the PS-1 gene in a Finnish EOAD family, which leads to an inframe exclusion of exon9 (delta9) from the mRNA transcript. This germline mutation results in a similar(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aim of this study was to investigate the association between atrial fibrillation (AF), stroke, dementia, and their correlation with brain pathology in subjects aged 85 years or older. METHODS This is a prospective 9-year follow-up population based study in Vantaa, a town in Southern Finland; 553 subjects (92% of the total(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between blood pressure and mortality in people aged 85 and older. DESIGN Population-based prospective study with 9-year follow-up. SETTING Department of Neuroscience and Neurology and Department of Public Health and General Practice, University of Kuopio, and Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Helsinki(More)
BACKGROUND The epsilon 4 allele of apolipoprotein E has been associated with an increased risk of late-onset Alzheimer's disease. In a cohort of elderly subjects we prospectively investigated the relation between the apolipoprotein E genotype, dementia, and the accumulation of beta-amyloid protein in the cerebral cortex. METHODS Autopsy involving(More)
BACKGROUND Variants of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene have been shown to influence serum lipid levels, risk of coronary heart disease and, as found recently, risk of clinical ischaemic cerebrovascular disease. Here we tested for an association between brain infarction and two common polymorphisms of the LPL gene, Ser447Ter and Asn291 Ser. METHOD To(More)