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We describe a novel variant of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in a Finnish pedigree with 17 affected individuals of both sexes in three generations. The disease is characterized by progressive dementia which is, in most cases, preceded by spastic paraparesis. Neuropathological investigations revealed numerous, distinct, large, round and eosinophilic plaques as(More)
We describe 3 new families affected by Alzheimer's disease with spastic paraparesis. In affected individuals, including the earliest known patient with this clinical syndrome, neuropathological examination revealed large "cotton wool" plaques similar to those we have previously described in a Finnish family. In the families in which DNA was available,(More)
Variant Alzheimer disease (varAD) is clinically characterized by the combination of presenile dementia with spastic paraparesis and is caused by certain mutations of the presenilin 1 (PS-1) gene. We now present the unusual neuropathological phenotype of varAD as seen in 5 affected members of the original Finnish family with a genomic deletion encompassing(More)
Mutations in the presenilin-1 (PS-1) gene have been shown to cause early onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) in an autosomal dominant manner. We have identified a novel 4.6-kb genomic deletion in the PS-1 gene in a Finnish EOAD family, which leads to an inframe exclusion of exon9 (delta9) from the mRNA transcript. This germline mutation results in a similar(More)
Variant Alzheimer's disease (VarAD) with spastic paraparesis and presenile dementia is associated with certain mutations of the presenilin 1 (PS-1) gene, particularly those leading to deletion of exon 9 (PS-1Delta E9). VarAD is neuropathologically characterized by the presence of unusually large, Abeta42 positive, non-cored 'cotton wool' plaques (CWPs),(More)
BACKGROUND The epsilon 4 allele of apolipoprotein E has been associated with an increased risk of late-onset Alzheimer's disease. In a cohort of elderly subjects we prospectively investigated the relation between the apolipoprotein E genotype, dementia, and the accumulation of beta-amyloid protein in the cerebral cortex. METHODS Autopsy involving(More)
Recently, two studies have reported an association between the alpha2-macroglobulin gene on chromosome 12 and late-onset Alzheimer's disease, whereas others have not been able to replicate these findings. By using a prospective population-based study, we have investigated the relation between two polymorphisms in this gene with the presence of the disease(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the clinical, neuroimaging, and electrophysiologic characteristics of a variant AD phenotype. BACKGROUND The authors have identified a large Finnish kindred with presenile dementia and spastic paraparesis due to deletion of exon 9 of presenilin 1. Neuropathologic analysis showed unusual cortical "cotton wool" plaques, immunoreactive(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of the epsilon 4 allele on cognitive decline in the oldest old. METHODS We studied all 601 citizens of the city of Vantaa age 85 years and older in 1991. A total of 553 subjects (92%) took part in the study, which used the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and assessment of dementia according to the Diagnostic and(More)
BACKGROUND Variants of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene have been shown to influence serum lipid levels, risk of coronary heart disease and, as found recently, risk of clinical ischaemic cerebrovascular disease. Here we tested for an association between brain infarction and two common polymorphisms of the LPL gene, Ser447Ter and Asn291 Ser. METHOD To(More)