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Mice selected for differences in nest-building behavior differ in the number of arginine-vasopressin (AVP)-immunoreactive neurons in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). Although previous efforts to link AVP-immunoreactive neurons in the SCN to clock function have failed, we show that differences in several circadian parameters are associated with differences(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the circadian pacemaker in mammals and contains a network of arginine-vasopressin-immunoreactive (AVP-ir) neurons. AVP-recipient cells contain the V1a class of receptors linked to phosphoinositol turnover and protein kinase C (PKC). The present study describes the localization of AVP and the four Ca(2+)-dependent(More)
During topotecan analysis of clinical urine samples, an additional peak eluting just after the solvent front was observed. This potential metabolite was isolated by chromatographic methods. Mass spectrometry data along with chromatographic retention data and fluorescence characteristics showed that the isolated fractions contained two compounds, i.e.(More)
Previous divergent selection for nest-building behavior at 22 +/- 1 degrees C resulted in a 40-fold difference between the high and the low lines in amount of cotton used to build a nest. Correlated responses to selection indicated positive genetic correlations with body weight, nest-building at 4 +/- 1 degrees C, and litter size and negative genetic(More)
Docetaxel, a taxane antitumor agent, was administered to 24 patients by a 1-h intravenous infusion at a dose level of 100 mg/m2 with pharmacokinetic monitoring. The plasma concentration-versus-time data were fitted with a three-compartment model. The mean area under the curve (AUC) for docetaxel was 3.1 ± 0.9 h · mg/l and the clearance was 34.8 ± 9.3 l/h(More)
We have investigated the pharmacokinetics of the investigational semi-synthetic vinca alkaloid vinorelbine (navelbine, NVB). The analyses have been performed by using a sensitive and selective method based on ionexchange normal phase high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection combined with liquid-liquid extraction for sample(More)
Instability of peptides and proteins can be divided into two forms: chemical and physical instability. Chemical instability is due to modification/alteration of amino acid residues. There are several types of degradation reactions responsible for this instability. Most frequently described reactions are oxidation, reduction, deamidation, hydrolysis,(More)
Sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) methods have been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of the antitumor drug topotecan and its metabolite N-desmethyltopotecan in human plasma, urine and faeces. Both compounds are reversibly hydrolysed to their hydroxycarboxylate forms at physiologic pH. Separate HPLC systems(More)
Replicate high-selected, control, and low-selected lines were crossed at generation 46 of bidirectional selection for thermoregulatory nest-building behavior. Previous analysis of the lines at their limits had revealed multiple responses to uniform selection, where each of the four selected lines responded differently to reverse selection (Laffan, 1989).(More)
Little is known about the differences in the neural substrates of circadian rhythms that are responsible for the maintenance of differences between diurnal and nocturnal patterns of activity in mammals. In both groups of animals, the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) functions as the principal circadian pacemaker, and surprisingly, several correlates of(More)