Augusto R. Elias-Boneta

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OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of dental caries amongst twelve-year old Puerto Ricans. DESIGN Population-based, cross-sectional study. SETTING Public and private schools in the 11 health regions of Puerto Rico. SUBJECTS A probabilistic sample of 12-year old school attendees in Puerto Rico. METHOD One thousand four hundred and thirty-five(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the performance of fibre-optic transillumination (FOTI), visual inspection and bite-wing radiographs to detect occlusal caries and estimate the lesion depth. Fifty-nine extracted molars were assessed using FOTI and visual examination by 4 trained examiners and 1 examiner evaluated the bite-wing radiographs. Histological(More)
PURPOSE To compare the long-term caries increment associated with the use of two dentifrices: (1) a test dentifrice containing 0.836% sodium monofluorophosphate (1100 ppm F) in a dicalcium phosphate dihydrate base plus 10% xylitol; and (2) a positive control dentifrice containing 0.836% sodium monofluorophosphate (1100 ppm F) in a dicalcium phosphate(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has become a public health problem worldwide. The objectives of the study were: 1) to establish the BMI prevalence in 12-year olds residing in Puerto Rico, and 2) to determine BMI differences by sex, public-private school type, and geographic regions. METHODS Data was obtained from an(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in preventing and arresting caries in the primary dentition and permanent first molars. A systematic review (SR) was performed by 2 independent reviewers using 3 electronic databases (PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus). The database search(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the clinical efficacy of a mouthwash containing 0.075% cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) in a fluoride-free, alcohol-free base and a mouthwash containing essential oils in a fluoride-free, 21.6% alcohol base as compared to a fluoride-free, alcohol-free non-antibacterial mouthwash in controlling established dental plaque and gingivitis after(More)
BACKGROUND Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic illness worldwide. In the US dental caries has been described as a "silent epidemic", affecting 58.2 % of 12-15 year-olds, particularly in minority and immigrant groups. Caries is associated with complex yet preventable biological and behavioral factors such as dental plaque and diet, as well as social(More)
OBJECTIVES Examine the relationship between (1) DMFS and community fluorosis index (CFI) scores, and (2) between individual DMFS and NIDR/Dean Index fluorosis scores. DESIGN Population-based, cross-sectional study. SETTING Public and private schools of Puerto Rico. SUBJECTS 1435, 12-year old students. METHOD A probabilistic stratified sample was(More)
Mercury (Hg) is widely used in the dental working environment, exposing dental practitioners and assistants to potentially toxic Hg vapors. Concentrations of Hg in vapor and in particulate matter (PM10) were measured in the Dental Simulation Laboratory (DSL) and in the Dental Clinic (DC) at the School of Dentistry, University of Puerto Rico. PM10 samples(More)