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The basic protein fraction of tissue extracts from 40 edible plants inhibited cell-free protein synthesis and released adenine from herring sperm DNA, thus having adenine glycosylase activity. This suggested the presence of ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) in the plant extracts. This indication was further strengthened by the presence of the two(More)
The colour of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis L.) meat is darker than bovine meat. Since meat colour depends on the concentration of myoglobin (Mb) and its oxidation state, we have determined the main structural and functional properties of buffalo Mb. Buffalo Mb was purified from longissimus dorsi muscles and its molecular mass determined by ESI Q-TOF mass(More)
The amino acid sequence of the coat protein of the potexvirus papaya mosaic virus (PMV) has been determined, using a combination of the Edman degradation procedure (manual and automated) and mass spectrometry. The amino acid sequence is compared with that of the coat protein of potato virus X (PVX) as reported (S. Yu. Morozov, V. M. Zakhariev, B. K.(More)
The effect of chronic exposure to ozone pollution on nutritional traits of bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Borlotto Nano Lingua di Fuoco) seeds from plants grown in filtered and nonfiltered open-top chambers (OTCs) has been investigated. Results showed that, among seed macronutrients, ozone significantly raised total lipids, crude proteins, and dietary(More)
A psychrophilic superoxide dismutase (SOD) has been characterized from the Antarctic eubacterium Pseudoalteromonas haloplanktis (Ph). PhSOD is a homodimeric iron-containing enzyme and displays a high specific activity, even at low temperature. The enzyme is inhibited by sodium azide and inactivated by hydrogen peroxide; it is also very sensitive to(More)
The elongation factor 1 alpha (aEF-1 alpha) was purified to homogeneity from the thermoacidophilic archaebacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus by chromatographic procedures utilising DEAE-Sepharose, hydroxyapatite and FPLC on Mono S. The purified protein binds [3H]GDP at a 1:1 molar ratio and it is essential for poly(Phe) synthesis in vitro; it also binds GTP(More)
The elongation factor 1 beta (EF-1 beta), that in eukarya and archaea promotes the replacement of GDP by GTP on the elongation factor 1 alpha x GDP complex, was purified to homogeneity from the thermoacidophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (SsEF-1 beta). Its primary structure was established by sequenced Edman degradation of the entire protein or its(More)
Volkensin, a type 2 ribosome-inactivating protein from the roots of Adenia volkensii Harms (kilyambiti plant) was characterized both at the protein and nucleotide level by direct amino acid sequencing and cloning of the gene encoding the protein. Gene sequence analysis revealed that volkensin is encoded by a 1569-bp ORF (523 amino acid residues) without(More)
Bovine seminal ribonuclease, the only dimeric ribonuclease described thus far, is found to exist in two different quaternary structure forms. In one, the N-terminal segment (residues 1-17) of each subunit is interchanged with the remaining segment of the other subunit, whereas in the second, such interchange does not occur. Functionally, they differ in that(More)
The interest in the immunosuppressive activity of mammalian seminal plasma depends largely on its putative role in the immunoregulation of both the male and female genital systems. We report here that the immunosuppressive action of bovine seminal plasma is based on the presence in this fluid of copious amounts of an immunosuppressive RNase, bovine seminal(More)