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The ability of vaccination with plasmids coding for the extracellular and the transmembrane domain of the product of transforming rat Her-2/neu oncogene (r-p185) to protect against r-p185(+) transplantable carcinoma (TUBO) cells and mammary carcinogenesis was evaluated. In normal BALB/c mice, DNA vaccination elicits anti-r-p185 Ab, but only a marginal CTL(More)
Because BALB/c mice transgenic for the rat Her-2/neu oncogene develop multifocal carcinomas in all mammary glands by week 33, they constitute an aggressive model for investigation of treatments designed to oppose mammary carcinogenesis. Nonspecific immune reaction elicited by systemic interleukin (IL)-12 both delayed the appearance of the first tumor and(More)
 The passive transfer of antibodies and vaccination procedures against p185, the erbB2/neu oncoprotein, are approaches being explored for treatment of human breast cancer. We now report the possibility of using the erbB2/neu gene as an immunogen. This study demonstrates that intramuscular or intradermal injections of rat neuNT full-length DNA into mice(More)
erbB2/neu, an overexpressed oncogene product, has been proposed as a human cancer vaccine target. In the present study, transgenic (rat neuNT oncogene) FVB/neu mice, developing metastasizable mammary carcinoma, were immunized with a plasmid DNA encoding are not tolerant to the self antigen and sequences. We report that transgenic tumour-bearing mice, like(More)
The transforming rat Her-2/neu oncogene embedded into the genome of virgin transgenic BALB/c mice (BALB-neuT) provokes the development of an invasive carcinoma in each of their 10 mammary glands. i.m. vaccination with DNA plasmids coding for the extracellular and transmembrane domains of the protein product of the Her-2/neu oncogene started when mice(More)
Since the mechanisms by which specific immunity destroys Her-2/neu carcinoma cells are highly undetermined, these were assessed in BALB/c mice vaccinated with plasmids encoding extracellular and transmembrane domains of the protein product (p185(neu)) of the rat Her-2/neu oncogene shot into the skin by gene gun. Vaccinated mice rejected a lethal challenge(More)
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. NSCLC often harbors oncogenic K-RAS mutations that lead to the aberrant activation of several intracellular networks including the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. Oncogenic K-RAS predicts poor prognosis and(More)
A splice isoform of the HER2 receptor that lacks exon 16 (d16HER2) is expressed in many HER2-positive breast tumors, where it has been linked with resistance to the HER2-targeting antibody trastuzumab, but the impact of d16HER2 on tumor pathobiology and therapeutic response remains uncertain. Here, we provide genetic evidence in transgenic mice that(More)
Tumor microenvironment in carcinomas recruits mesenchymal cells with an abnormal proangiogenic and invasive phenotype. It is not clear whether mesenchymal tumor cells (MTCs) derive from the activation of mature fibroblasts or from their stem cell precursors. However, stromal cell activation in tumors resembles in several aspects the mesenchymal(More)
Immune tolerance to tumor-associated self-antigens poses a major challenge in the ability to mount an effective cancer vaccine response. To overcome immune tolerance to HER-2, we formulated DNA vaccines that express both human HER-2 and heterologous rat Neu sequences in separate plasmids or as single hybrid constructs that encode HER-2/Neu fusion proteins.(More)