Learn More
We analyzed the control region of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from maternally related individuals originating from the Azores Islands (Portugal) in order to estimate the mutation rate of mtDNA and to gain insights into the process by which a new mutation arises and segregates into heteroplasmy. Length and/or point heteroplasmies were found at least in one(More)
The hypervariable segment I of the control region of the mtDNA was sequenced in 45 unrelated individuals from Bioko and 50 from São Tomé, two islands in the Gulf of Guinea that have had very different settlement patterns: Bioko was colonized around 10000 BP, while São Tomé was first settled by the Portuguese, who brought African slaves to the island. Two(More)
G6PD deficiency mutational profile and haplotype diversity using 6 RFLPs (FokI/PvuII/BspHI/PstI/BclI/NlaIII) and a (CTT)(n) microsatellite, were investigated in 70 G6PD-deficient Portuguese individuals. All but one G6PD A-(376G/202A) variants (44/45) have a single haplotype (+/+/-/+/-/+/195). G6PD Betica(376G/968C) alleles (n=10) have a single RFLP(More)
Mutations in the PKLR gene responsible for pyruvate kinase (PK)-deficient anaemia are mainly located in the coding regions: 11 are in the splicing sites and, recently, three mutations have been described in the promoter region. We now report a novel point mutation A-->G on nucleotide 72, upstream from the initiation codon of the PKLR gene, in four(More)
In nine unrelated Portuguese patients with pyruvate kinase (PK) deficient anaemia, whose symptoms ranged from a mild chronic haemolytic anaemia to a severe anaemia presenting at birth and requiring multiple transfusions, the PK-LR gene mutations were identified and correlated with their phenotypes. Five different mutations were identified, three of them for(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder of adult onset. In the islands of the Azores (Portugal), MJD reaches the highest prevalence reported worldwide. It has been postulated that it is highly represented in the Azorean population as a result of a founder effect. To test this hypothesis, we reconstructed the(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is an autosomal, dominantly inherited neurodegenerative disorder of adult onset. The prevalence of MJD reaches its highest values in the islands of the Azores. A research program was undertaken to study the origin and spread of the mutant gene in the Azorean populations. Here, we present the first results of such a study. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) reaches its highest prevalence world-wide in the Azores, thus constituting a public health problem in these islands. The aim of the study was thus to (1) determine the level of knowledge about the disease; (2) estimate the expected level of request for predictive testing, and (3) analyse the intentions of at-risk(More)
Machado-Joseph Disease (MJD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder of adult onset, associated with the expansion of a (CAG)n tract in the coding region of the causative gene, localized on 14q32.1. Machado-Joseph Disease shows non-Mendelian features typical of other triplet repeat disorders, including clinical heterogeneity, variable age at(More)
We have analysed the matrilineal genetic composition of three self-reported ethnic groups from São Tomé e Príncipe (Gulf of Guinea), an African archipelago whose settlement begun in the late fifteenth century. Sequence data from the hypervariable segments I (HVS-I) and II (HVS-II) were obtained for 30 Angolares, 35 Forros and 38 Tongas. The repertory of(More)