August M. Watanabe

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The genetic basis of hyperactivity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNA) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) was assessed by measuring SNA in animals derived from a backcross (BC) breeding program designed to isolate single gene differences causing changes in blood pressure. Selective breeding of the male hypertensive rats with inbred normotensive(More)
Sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) and high pressure baroreceptor regulation of SNA were studied in the Okamoto strain of spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR). Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and SNA were not significantly affected by anesthesia with low doses of pentobarbital (20-25 mg/kg). Thus, most of these studies were performed in anesthetized rats. SNA in(More)
Okadaic acid exerts a positive inotropic effect in cardiac preparations. We studied whether the positive inotropic effect of okadaic acid in cardiac preparations could be due to phosphatase inhibition and whether this inhibition affects the phosphorylation of cardiac proteins. In papillary muscles from guinea pigs, 30 microM okadaic acid increased force of(More)
Muscarinic cholinergic agonists such as acetylcholine attenuate phosphorylation of phospholamban induced by agents that activate cAMP-dependent protein kinase. However, cAMP accumulation is variably affected or only slightly reduced; thus, the choline ester might produce effects in addition to inhibition of adenylate cyclase. We hypothesized that(More)
Myocytes have been isolated from adult rat hearts since 1969. The early preparations exhibited the Ca2+ paradox. Over the ensuing years, numerous groups have reported the isolation of Ca2+ tolerant cardiac myocytes. In the present review, detailed comparisons have been made of the yields, viability, and relative Ca2+ tolerance of these different myocyte(More)
Most biological membranes are functionally asymmetric. To study biochemical control of cardiac transsarcolemmalion fluxes, it would be of obvious advantage to use isolated vesicles of sarcolemma which retains the low passive permeability characteristics of intact sarcolemma because in such vesicles the membrane should exhibit its normal asymmetric character(More)
Because ascorbate potentiates chemotaxis of normal leukocytes, we examined the effect of ascorbate on polymorphonuclear leukocytes from a patient with the Chediak-Higashi syndrome. Chemotactic migration was 104+/-16 leukocytes per 10 fields (mean+/-S.D.) initially and 258+/-44 (P less than 0.001) after ascorbate, as compared to 182+/-10 in controls. There(More)
The effects of exogenous thyroid hormones (thyroxine and triiodothyronine) on beta-adrenergic receptors in the rat myocardium were investigated. The potent beta-adrenergic antagonist, (-)-[3H]dihydroalprenolol, was used to directly estimate the number and affinity of beta-adrenergic receptors in rat heart membranes from control and hyperthyroid rats.(More)
Phospholamban, a putative regulator of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ transport, has been shown to be phosphorylated in vitro by cAMP-dependent protein kinase and an intrinsic Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent protein kinase activity. This study was conducted to determine if Ca2+-calmodulin-dependent phosphorylation of phospholamban occurs in response to(More)