August H Maki

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The binding of both wild-type and point-mutated E. coli single-stranded DNA-binding (SSB) protein to poly(deoxythymidylic acid) has been studied by fluorescence and optical detection of triplet state magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Involvement of tryptophan residues 40 and 54 in stacking interactions with nucleotide bases has been inferred earlier from(More)
The RNA and DNA complexes of nucleocapsid protein p7.Zn (NCp7.Zn) of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) are studied by phosphorescence and optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR). The single tryptophan, Trp37, which is located on the C-terminal zinc finger domain is used as an intrinsic probe. Reductions in the triplet state zero-field(More)
The binding of p7 nucleocapsid protein of type 1 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) to various oligonucleotides and polynucleotides has been investigated by phosphorescence and optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) spectroscopy. The intrinsic spectroscopic probe used in these studies is the photoexcited triplet state of Trp37, which is associated(More)
Fluorescence and optical detection of triplet state magnetic resonance spectroscopy have been employed to study the complexes formed by single-stranded polynucleotides with both E. coli single-stranded DNA-binding protein and an E. coli ssb gene product in which Trp-54 is replaced by phenylalanine using site specific oligonucleotide mutagenesis. Our results(More)
Fluorescence and optical detection of triplet state magnetic resonance (ODMR) spectroscopy have been employed to study the complexes formed between single-stranded polynucleotides and Escherichia coli ssb gene products (SSB) in which tryptophans 40, 54, and 88 are selectively, one residue at a time, replaced by phenylalanine using site-specific(More)
Spectroscopic studies have been performed to characterize the solution structure of the V66W mutant of Staphylococcal nuclease and the corresponding 1-136 fragment, referred to as V66W'. Whereas wild-type nuclease has a single tryptophan residue at position 140, the V66W mutant has a second tryptophan residue at position 66, which is the only such residue(More)
The mammalian heterogeneous ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) A1 and its constituent N-terminal domain, termed UP1, have been studied by steady-state and dynamic fluorimetry, as well as phosphorescence and optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures. The results of these diverse techniques coincide in assigning the site of(More)
We have investigated the luminescence and optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) of the highly homologous snake venom neurotoxins alpha-bungarotoxin (BgTX), alpha-cobratoxin (CbTX), and cobrotoxin (CoTX) in frozen aqueous glasses. The phosphorescence intensity and lifetime of the single invariant tryptophan, Trp29, are found to be diminished in BgTX(More)
Optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) has been used to identify the binding site of a synthetic protamine subdomain to the major groove of DNA. A 14 amino acid peptide (R6WGR6) analog of the central DNA binding domain of bull protamine was synthesized with phenylalanine replaced by tryptophan (Trp). The peptide was bound to double-stranded(More)