Audur H. Gudjónsdóttir

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Celiac disease (CD) is a common chronic inflammatory disorder of the small intestine with a multifactorial aetiology. HLA is a well-known risk factor, but other genetic factors also influence disease susceptibility. To identify the genes involved in this disorder, we performed a genome-wide scan on 106 well-defined Swedish and Norwegian families with at(More)
The FOXP3 gene encodes a transcription factor thought to be essential for the development and function of T regulatory cells. Two previous studies have tested common polymorphisms in FOXP3 for association with type 1 diabetes (T1D) with conflicting results. The aim of our study was to see whether there is any evidence of association between the FOXP3(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies have identified 1q31 (RGS1), 2q11-12 (IL18RAP), 3p21 (CCR1/CCR3/CCR2), 3q25-26 (IL12A/SCHIP1), 3q28 (LPP), 4q27 (IL2/IL21), 6q25 (TAGAP) and 12q24 (SH2B3) as susceptibility regions for coeliac disease (CD). We have earlier replicated association with the IL2/IL21 region. This study aimed at replicating the remaining(More)
UNLABELLED In order to study dose-dependency in histopathological reactions and in changes of serological markers of mucosal relapse, gluten challenge was performed with two defined amounts of gluten in 54 children with earlier enteropathy. Gluten was provided in the form of powder and the patients were randomly allotted to either 0.2 (group A, n = 27) or(More)
The effect of the gene region on chromosome 2q33 containing the CD28 and the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated (CTLA4) genes has been investigated in several diseases with chronic inflammatory nature. In addition to celiac disease (CD), type I diabetes, Grave's disease, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis have all demonstrated associations to the(More)
In order to extend our previous findings of genetic linkage to the CD28/CTLA4/ICOS region on chromosome 2q33 (CELIAC3) in coeliac disease (CD), we have investigated 22 genetic markers in 325 Norwegian/Swedish multiplex and simplex CD families. We found both linkage and association with several markers, primarily in the multiplex material. We observed strong(More)
Predisposition to coeliac disease (CD) involves HLA genes. We investigated whether any haplotypes modify risk when carried trans to a known high-risk haplotype, DQA1*05-DQB1*02. Earlier attempts to rank levels of risk contributed by the 'other' haplotype were burdened by use of case-control populations; haplotype frequencies were estimated and homozygosity(More)
Certain HLA-DQ alleles are known to contribute to predisposition to coeliac disease (CD). The existence of additional independent risk-modifying loci in the HLA complex is still being debated. The DR3-DQ2 haplotype has been studied most, but the evidence is conflicting. The discrepancies may stem from the absence of such an effect, insufficient statistical(More)
Celiac disease (CD) is a gluten-induced enteropathy, which results from the interplay between environmental and genetic factors. There is a strong human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association with the disease, and HLA-DQ alleles represent a major genetic risk factor. In addition to HLA-DQ, non-HLA genes appear to be crucial for CD development. Chromosomal(More)