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Protein, RNA, and DNA synthesis, and enzyme (gamma GT, LDH, LAP, A1-P, NAG) activities were assayed in Madin Darby Canine Kidney cells (MDCK) treated by ochratoxin A, a mycotoxin known to be nephrotoxic in animal and man. Both cellular macromolecules syntheses and enzymatic activities are inhibited by OTA in a dose-dependent manner after 24 h incubation.(More)
The distribution and elimination of [3H]ochratoxin A (OTA) from stomach content and tissue, intestine content and tissue, liver, bile, serum and urine of Swiss male mice which had received a single low dose of OTA by intubation was followed as a function of time. The profiles of radioactivity do not show a smooth decline after the absorption period, but an(More)
Ochratoxin B (OTB), the dechloro-analogue of ochratoxin A (OTA), was studied separately and in combination with OTA on the aminoacylation of phenylalanine tRNA (tRNAPhe) catalysed by mice liver phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase. OTB was neither a significant inhibitor of the reaction nor an antagonist of OTA. OTB was also assayed for its possible antagonistic(More)
Experimental low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation is usually performed using trace copper, although the in vivo relevance of this method has been called into question. Such LDL augment adenosine 5'-diphosphate (ADP) induced platelet aggregation, presumably by the action of lipid derived compounds. In striking contrast, we find that LDL oxidized to a(More)
Oxidized low density lipoproteins are closely associated with atherosclerosis and also might be directly involved in thrombosis because they have been shown to mediate a stimulating effect on human platelets. In this work, we used biologically modified low density lipoproteins (i.e., low density lipoproteins sufficiently oxidized to show specificity for the(More)
Diacylated (e.g. MALP-2) and triacylated (Pam(3)Cys derivatives) lipopeptides, deriving from the N-terminal moiety of respectively mycoplasmal and E. coli lipoproteins, are powerful adjuvants recognized by Toll-like receptors (TLR) which have been used successfully to trigger cell activation and immune responses. To design liposome-based vaccination(More)
Synthetic analogues of triacylated and diacylated lipopeptides derived from the N-terminal domain of respectively bacterial and mycoplasmal lipoproteins are highly potent immunoadjuvants when administered either in combination with protein antigens or covalently linked to small peptide epitopes. Because of their amphipathic properties, lipopeptides, such as(More)
Ochratoxine A (OTA) inhibits growth of Bacillus subtilis at pHs below 7. Since OTA is a phenylalanine analogue, this effect could be due to inhibition of phenylalanine-tRNA synthetase (PheRS) by competition of this mycotoxin with the amino acid. Homogeneous PheRS was purified from Bacillus subtilis and from E. coli transformed with the PheRS gene. The(More)
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