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Sound is encoded within the auditory portion of the inner ear, the cochlea, after propagating down its length as a traveling wave. For over half a century, vibratory measurements to study cochlear traveling waves have been made using invasive approaches such as laser Doppler vibrometry. Although these studies have provided critical information regarding the(More)
Broadband interferometry is an attractive technique for the detection of cellular motions because it provides depth-resolved phase information via coherence gating. We present a phase-sensitive technique called spectral-domain phase microscopy (SDPM). SDPM is a functional extension of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography that allows for the(More)
This article describes a point-of-care (POC) system--comprising a microfluidic, paper-based analytical device (micro-PAD) and a hand-held optical colorimeter--for quantifying the concentration of analytes in biological fluids. The micro-PAD runs colorimetric assays, and consists of paper that has been (i) patterned to expose isolated regions of hydrophilic(More)
We report on cross-sectional imaging of dynamic biological specimens using a spectral domain phase microscopy (SDPM) system capable of operating at a line rate of 19 kHz. This system combines the time-sensitive capabilities of SDPM with the multi-point acquisition features of related phase-sensitive techniques. The presented phase portraits and B-scan phase(More)
Spectral domain phase microscopy (SDPM) is a function extension of spectral domain optical coherence tomography. SDPM achieves exquisite levels of phase stability by employing common-path interferometry. We discuss the theory and limitations of Doppler flow imaging using SDPM, demonstrate monitoring the thermal contraction of a glass sample with nanometer(More)
The development of practical strategies for the assembly of objects into 3D arrays is an unsolved problem. This paper describes the use of magnetic levitation (MagLev) to guide the self-assembly of millimeter-to centimeter-scale dia magnetic objects, which we call " components " , each programmed by shape and distribution of density, into 3D assemblies and(More)
We demonstrate the first automated, volumetric mosaicing algorithm for optical coherence tomography (OCT) that both accommodates 6-degree-of-freedom rigid transformations and implements a bundle adjustment step amenable to generating large fields of view with endoscopic and freehand imaging systems. Our mosaicing algorithm exploits the known, rigid(More)
Resolution is an important figure of merit for imaging systems. We designed, fabricated and tested an optical phantom that mimics the simplicity of an Air Force Test Chart but can characterize both the axial and lateral resolution of optical coherence tomography systems. The phantom is simple to fabricate, simple to use and functions in versatile(More)
We present spectral domain phase microscopy (SDPM) as a new tool for measurements at the cellular scale. SDPM is a functional extension of spectral domain optical coherence tomography that allows for the detection of cellular motions and dynamics with nanometer-scale sensitivity in real time. Our goal was to use SDPM to investigate the mechanical properties(More)
This paper describes several noncontact methods of orienting objects in 3D space using Magnetic Levitation (MagLev). The methods use two permanent magnets arranged coaxially with like poles facing and a container containing a paramagnetic liquid in which the objects are suspended. Absent external forcing, objects levitating in the device adopt predictable(More)