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Epidemiological and experimental evidence indicates that nicotine is protective for Parkinson disease vulnerable dopamine neurons, but the underlying mechanism of this effect remains only partly characterized. To address this question, we established rat midbrain cultures maintained in experimental conditions that favor the selective and spontaneous loss of(More)
Dopaminergic neurons that constitute the nigrostriatal pathway are characterized by singular electrical properties that allow them to discharge in vivo spontaneously in a spectrum of patterns ranging from pacemaker to random and bursting modes. These electrophysiological features allow dopaminergic neurons to optimize the release of dopamine in their(More)
Flavaglines represent a family of plant natural products that display potent anticancer, cardioprotective, and neuroprotective activities. Novel flavagline derivatives were synthesized and examined for their cytotoxicity on a panel of human cancer cell lines, their cardioprotection against doxorubicin-induced apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, and their(More)
Reactive astrogliosis is beneficial in many aspects; however, it is also detrimental in some pathological states such as the development of lethal brain tumors. It is therefore crucial to understand the mechanisms regulating astrocyte proliferation. Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the tumor necrosis factor family,(More)
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) intoxication of mice is a standard model of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, it does not reproduce functionally PD. Given the occurrence of PD during aging, symptoms might only be detected in MPTP-intoxicated mice after aging. To address this, mice injected with MPTP at 2.5 months were followed up to a(More)
The prenatal differentiation of male and female gonads of the mouse was investigated both morphologically and immunohistochemically. Sexual dimorphism could be detected as early as 12 days post-coitum (dpc) by the appearance of the primary elements of the tunica albuginea and positive immunoreactivity for anti-Muellerian hormone in the Sertoli cells of the(More)
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