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Construction of physical maps of genomes by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis requires enzymes which cut the genome into an analyzable number of fragments; most produce too many fragments. The enzyme I-Ceu I, encoded by a mobile intron in the chloroplast 23S ribosomal RNA (rrl) gene of Chlamydomonas eugametos, cuts a 26-bp site in the rrl gene. This enzyme(More)
Endonuclease digestion of the 4,800-kb chromosome of Salmonella typhimurium LT2 yielded 24 XbaI fragments, 12 BlnI fragments, and 7 CeuI fragments, which were separated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The 90-kb plasmid pSLT has one XbaI site and one BlnI site. The locations of the fragments around the circular chromosome and of the digestion sites of(More)
The ABO blood group influences susceptibility to severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Recent evidence indicates that the protective effect of group O operates by virtue of reduced rosetting of infected red blood cells (iRBCs) with uninfected RBCs. Rosetting is mediated by a subgroup of PfEMP1 adhesins, with RBC binding being assigned to the N-terminal(More)
We have established the genomic cleavage map of Salmonella enteritidis strain SSU7998 using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The chromosome of 4600 kb was analysed by XbaI (16 fragments), I-CeuI (7 fragments) and BlnI (12 fragments); the genome also contains a plasmid of 60 kb. Cleavage sites of I-Ceul, in the large subunit ribosomal RNA gene, are(More)
Locations of six Tn10s, closely linked to each of the six IS200s on the genomic cleavage map of Salmonella typhimurium LT2, were determined by digestion with XbaI and BlnI and separation of the fragments by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis; the locations were then further defined by P22-mediated joint transduction. The orientation of each IS200 with respect(More)
We present edition VIII of the genetic map of Salmonella typhimurium LT2. We list a total of 1,159 genes, 1,080 of which have been located on the circular chromosome and 29 of which are on pSLT, the 90-kb plasmid usually found in LT2 lines. The remaining 50 genes are not yet mapped. The coordinate system used in this edition is neither minutes of transfer(More)
We report the analysis of three open reading frames of Salmonella typhimurium LT2 which we identified as rfaF, the structural gene for ADP-heptose:LPS heptosyltransferase II; rfaD, the structural gene for ADP-L-glycero-D-manno-heptose-6-epimerase; and part of kbl, the structural gene for 2-amino-3-ketobutyrate CoA ligase. A plasmid carrying rfaF complements(More)
The human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum can cause infected red blood cells (iRBC) to form rosettes with uninfected RBC, a phenotype associated with severe malaria. Rosetting is mediated by a subset of the Plasmodium falciparum membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) variant adhesins expressed on the infected host-cell surface. Heparin and other sulfated(More)
Adhesion of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (iRBC) to human erythrocytes (i.e. rosetting) is associated with severe malaria. Rosetting results from interactions between a subset of variant PfEMP1 (Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1) adhesins and specific erythrocyte receptors. Interfering with such interactions is considered(More)
The genomic cleavage map of Salmonella paratyphi B was determined through digestion with endonucleases and separation of the fragments by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. The chromosome has 19 XbaI sites, 10 BlnI sites, and 7 CeuI sites. The fragments were arranged in order through excision of fragments from the gel, redigestion with a second enzyme, end(More)