Audrey H Baker

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The complete DNA sequence of the avian adenovirus chicken embryo lethal orphan (CELO) virus (FAV-1) is reported here. The genome was found to be 43,804 bp in length, approximately 8 kb longer than those of the human subgenus C adenoviruses (Ad2 and Ad5). This length is supported by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis of genomes isolated from several(More)
We had shown previously that DNA polymerase beta (beta-pol) null mouse fibroblasts, deficient in base excision repair (BER), are hypersensitive to monofunctional methylating agents but not to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). This is surprising because beta-pol is thought to be involved in BER of oxidative as well as methylated DNA damage. We confirm these findings(More)
A simple and inexpensive method of condensing and linking plasmid DNA to carrier adenovirus particles is described. The synthetic polycation polyethylenimine is used to condense plasmid DNA into positively charged 100 nm complexes. These PEI–DNA complexes are then bound to adenovirus particles through charge interactions with negative domains on the viral(More)
We have developed a simple screening method to identify genes that mimic bcl-2 or adenovirus E1B 19K in enhancing cell survival after transfection and have used this method to identify such a gene in the avian adenovirus CELO. The gene encodes a novel 30-kDa nuclear protein, which we have named GAM-1, that functions comparably to Bcl-2 and adenovirus E1B(More)
Endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) is commonly found as a contaminant in plasmid DNA preparations. We demonstrate here that the quantities of LPS typically contaminating DNA preparations can generate a toxicity to primary cells (primary human skin fibroblasts, primary human melanoma cells) in the presence of entry-competent adenovirus particles. Toxicity(More)
Molecular biology has many applications where the introduction of large (>100 kb) DNA molecules is required. The current methods of large DNA transfection are very inefficient. We reasoned that two limits to improving transfection methods with these large DNA molecules were the difficulty of preparing workable quantities of clean DNA and the lack of rapid(More)
A novel adenovirus system for analyzing the adenovirus entry pathway has been developed that contains green fluorescent protein bound to the encapsidated viral DNA (AdLite viruses). AdLite viruses enter host cells and accumulate around the nuclei and near the microtubule organizing centers (MTOC). In live cells, individual AdLite particles were observed(More)
A cDNA complementary to the mRNA for the ATP/ADP translocator of maize (Zea mays L.) has been identified by virtue of hybridisation with the homologous gene from yeast. The cloned cDNA has been shown by DNA sequence analysis to contain an open reading frame of 954bp., which encodes a polypeptide of molecular weight 40,519. This polypeptide exhibits a high(More)
FrCas(E) is a mouse retrovirus that causes a fatal noninflammatory spongiform neurodegenerative disease with pathological features strikingly similar to those induced by transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) agents. Neurovirulence is determined by the sequence of the viral envelope protein, though the specific role of this protein in disease(More)
This chapter describes the conversion and assay development of a 96-well MK2-EGFP translocation assay into a higher density 384-well format high-content assay to be screened on the ArrayScan 3.1 imaging platform. The assay takes advantage of the well-substantiated hypothesis that mitogen-activated protein kinase-activating protein kinase-2 (MK2) is a(More)