Audrey Etienne

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Malaria is transmitted from vertebrate host to mosquito vector by mature sexual blood-living stages called gametocytes. Within seconds of ingestion into the mosquito bloodmeal, gametocytes undergo gametogenesis. Induction requires the simultaneous exposure to at least two stimuli in vitro: a drop in bloodmeal temperature to 5 degrees C below that of the(More)
Fleshy fruit acidity is an important component of fruit organoleptic quality and is mainly due to the presence of malic and citric acids, the main organic acids found in most ripe fruits. The accumulation of these two acids in fruit cells is the result of several interlinked processes that take place in different compartments of the cell and appear to be(More)
Malate is one of the most important organic acids in many fruits and its concentration plays a critical role in organoleptic properties. Several studies suggest that malate accumulation in fruit cells is controlled at the level of vacuolar storage. However, the regulation of vacuolar malate storage throughout fruit development, and the origins of the(More)
Citrate is one of the most important organic acids in many fruits and its concentration plays a critical role in organoleptic properties. The regulation of citrate accumulation throughout fruit development, and the origins of the phenotypic variability of the citrate concentration within fruit species remain to be clarified. In the present study, we(More)
The objective of this work was to evaluate the ability of appropriate silicone elastomers to encapsulate hydrophilic compounds in microspheres prepared according to a multiphase emulsion-polymerization process. The particle size of the microspheres can be modified by controlling the usual emulsification parameters, such as the viscosity of the different(More)
Gastric emptying of oral silicone dosage forms was studied in humans by gamma-scintigraphy. To achieve a constant and predictable residence time in the stomach, three different formulations based on known concepts such as controlled swelling were investigated. The importance of physical parameters such as size or shape were also examined to assess the(More)
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