Audrey Dumont

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The Gram-negative bacterium Neisseria meningitidis asymptomatically colonizes the throat of 10 to 30% of the human population, but throat colonization can also act as the port of entry to the blood (septicemia) and then the brain (meningitis). Colonization is mediated by filamentous organelles referred to as type IV pili, which allow the formation of(More)
In Salmonella-infected cells, the bacterial effector SifA forms a functional complex with the eukaryotic protein SKIP (SifA and kinesin-interacting protein). The lack of either partner has important consequences on the intracellular fate and on the virulence of this pathogen. In addition to SifA, SKIP binds the microtubule-based motor kinesin-1. Yet the(More)
Understanding the mechanisms of Salmonella virulence is an important challenge. The capacity of this intracellular bacterial pathogen to cause diseases depends on the expression of virulence factors including the second type III secretion system (TTSS-2), which is used to translocate into the eukaryotic cytosol a set of effector proteins that divert the(More)
Metabolic glycan labeling has recently emerged as a very powerful method for studying cell-surface glycans, which has applications that range from imaging glycans in living multicellular organisms, such as zebrafish or mice, to the identification of metastasis-associated cell-surface sialoglycoproteins. This strategy relies on the cellular biosynthetic(More)
SifA is a Salmonella effector that is translocated into infected cells by the pathogenicity island 2-encoded type 3 secretion system. SifA is a critical virulence factor. Previous studies demonstrated that, upon translocation, SifA binds the pleckstrin homology motif of the eukaryotic host protein SKIP. In turn, the SifA-SKIP complex regulates the(More)
Neisseria meningitidis is a bacterium responsible for severe sepsis and meningitis. Following type IV pilus-mediated adhesion to endothelial cells, bacteria proliferating on the cellular surface trigger a potent cellular response that enhances the ability of adhering bacteria to resist the mechanical forces generated by the blood flow. This response is(More)
Legionella pneumophila is a pathogenic bacterium involved in regular outbreaks characterized by a relatively high fatality rate and an important societal impact. Frequent monitoring of the presence of this bacterium in environmental water samples is necessary to prevent these epidemic events, but the traditional culture-based detection and identification(More)
Salmonella enterica is an intracellular bacterial pathogen that causes gastroenteritis and typhoid fever. Inside host cells, the bacterium is enclosed in a membrane bound compartment, the Salmonella-containing vacuole (SCV). Intracellular replication of Salmonella requires the translocation of effector proteins into the host cytosol. The SifA effector(More)
Currently, identification of pathogenic bacteria present at very low concentration requires a preliminary culture-based enrichment step. Many research efforts focus on the possibility to shorten this pre-enrichment step which is needed to reach the minimal number of cells that allows efficient identification. Rapid microbiological controls are a real public(More)