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The validity of using indicator organisms (total and fecal coliforms, enterococci, Clostridium perfringens, and F-specific coliphages) to predict the presence or absence of pathogens (infectious enteric viruses, Cryptosporidium, and Giardia) was tested at six wastewater reclamation facilities. Multiple samplings conducted at each facility over a 1-year(More)
The biogeochemistry of the natural attenuation of petroleum-contaminated ground water was investigated in a field study. The focus of the study was a fire training site located on Tyndall Air Force Base in Florida. The site has been used by the Air Force for approximately 11 years in fire fighting exercises. An on-site above-ground tank of JP-4 provided(More)
The diverse microbial populations that inhabit pristine aquifers are known to catalyze critical in situ biogeochemical reactions, yet little is known about how the structure and diversity of this subsurface community correlates with and impacts upon groundwater chemistry. Herein we examine 8,786 bacterial and 8,166 archaeal 16S rRNA gene sequences from an(More)
Hydrogen sulfide in groundwater can be oxidized by aerobic bacteria to form elemental sulfur and biomass. While this treatment approach is effective for conversion of hydrogen sulfide, it is important to have adequate control of the biomass exiting the biological treatment system to prevent release of elemental sulfur into the distribution system. Pilot(More)
The chemistry of collagen from major blood vessels, such as the aorta, is poorly defined because of problems encountered in solubilization techniques. Normal extraction of calf aorta with acetic acid and/or pepsin does not yield significant quantities of collagen. However, treatment of the aorta with purified pancreatic elastase results in a residue(More)
Biosorption of metal ions from aqueous systems was evaluated using a culture of acidic soil isolates grown in a completely mixed, aerobic, semi-batch culture reactor. The laboratory scale system was used to test single and bimetallic solutions of copper and lead with sulfates, chlorides, or nitrates. To elucidate the key factors influencing biosorption and(More)
Total insoluble collagen and hydroxyproline formation were examined in lung embryonic fibroblasts (IMR-90) grown in the presence or absence of added ascorbate. As expected, when the cells from both groups (+ and −ascorbate) are pulsed with [14C]proline in the presence of ascorbate, the percent hydroxylation in a 24-hr period does not vary significantly.(More)
The persistence of pharmaceuticals, hormones, and household and industrial chemicals through a pure-oxygen activated sludge, nitrification, denitrification wastewater treatment facility was evaluated. Of the 125 micropollutants that were tested in this study, 55 compounds were detected in the untreated wastewater, and 27 compounds were detected in the(More)
Collagen synthesis in normal BHK 21/cl 13 and chemically transformed temperature-sensitive BHK 21/cl 13 cells (Me2N4) was assessed by examination of hydroxyproline formation and collagenase-susceptible protein. The Me2N4 cells lost their ability to synthesize collagen at both permissive and nonpermissive temperatures for transformation. These conclusions(More)