Audrey C Rhee

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Due to the generally indolent nature of prostate cancer, patients must decide among a wide range of treatments, which will significantly affect both quality of life and survival. Thus, there is a need for instruments to aid patients and their physicians in decision analysis. Nomograms are instruments that predict outcomes for the individual patient. Using(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have recently suggested an association between body mass index (BMI) and disease progression after radical prostatectomy. In the current study, the authors examined this association and that between the reciprocal of BMI (INVBMI, 1/BMI) and progression-free probability in men treated with radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP) for(More)
Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a standard mode of therapy for patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Controversy exists, however, as to the optimal timing of initiation of ADT, as well as whether this form of therapy imparts a survival benefit to patients with advanced disease. Side effects of ADT are not minimal and can seriously compromise a(More)
OBJECTIVE An obstructed megaureter can be managed using a number of techniques, with the primary goal being to minimize the potential for further injury to the affected kidney. Classically, these obstructed ureters have been treated using cutaneous ureterostomy. However, this technique has certain limitations including the potential for stenosis. We(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is a critical mediator of obstruction-induced renal injury. Although previous studies have demonstrated that IL-18 participates in a positive feedback loop via the IL-18 receptor (IL-18R) and localized renal IL-18 and IL-18R production to tubular epithelial cells (TEC), the mechanism of IL-18 activation during obstruction(More)
IL-18 is an important mediator of obstruction-induced renal fibrosis and renal tubular epithelial cell (TEC) injury. IL-18's proinflammatory properties have been attributed, in part, to NF-κB activation and the stimulation of cytokine gene expression; however, STAT3 has increasingly been shown to mediate renal fibrotic injury. We therefore hypothesized that(More)
OBJECTIVE We present our results of percutaneous cystolithotomy with laparoscopic trocar (PCLT) access in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS PCLT was performed in 13 cases. This includes 2 patients who had this performed twice for recurrent stone 12-24 months after initial surgery. Eight patients had a bladder augmentation, 2 had native bladders, and one a(More)
Anterior urethral valve (AUV) associated with posterior urethral valves (PUVs) is an extremely rare congenital urologic anomaly resulting in lower urinary tract obstruction. We present our experience with 2 children with concomitant AUV and PUV as well as a literature review. The clinical presentation of concomitant AUV and PUV is variable. Successful(More)
Objective. To determine if routine preoperative and intraoperative urine cultures (UCx) are necessary in pediatric vesicoureteral (VUR) reflux surgery by identifying their association with each other, preoperative symptoms, and surgical outcomes. Materials and Methods. A retrospective review of patients undergoing ureteral reimplant(s) for primary VUR at a(More)
Classic bladder exstrophy is a rare congenital malformation occurring with an incidence of about 1 in 50 000 live births. Polypoid lesions frequently arise in the exstrophic bladder template; this has been well described in the pediatric urological literature. These lesions, however, are not as familiar to pathologists and oftentimes constitute diagnostic(More)